已婚警察宿舍也成了目标!

也门现“蝗灾”

长城腾翼c50:中秋出游仍有余票

2019年10月23日 12:44

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【直】【以】【来】【,】【我】【的】【学】【习】【成】【绩】【在】【班】【上】【一】【直】【遥】【遥】【领】【先】【,】【油】【然】【而】【生】【的】【优】【越】【感】【让】【我】【目】【空】【一】【切】【。】【然】【而】【,】【自】【从】【一】【个】【名】【叫】【周】【峰】【的】【同】【学】【插】【入】【到】【我】【们】【的】【班】【级】【,】【我】【立】【即】【感】【到】【了】【一】【种】【前】【所】【未】【有】【的】【恐】【慌】【。】【一】【次】【次】【的】【考】【试】【成】【绩】【清】【清】【楚】【楚】【地】【告】【诉】【我】【,】【“】【桂】【冠】【”】【已】【经】【不】【再】【为】【我】【轻】【易】【独】【占】【了】【,】【这】【个】【新】【来】【的】【家】【伙】【正】【不】【断】【蚕】【食】【着】【我】【昔】【日】【的】【荣】【耀】【。】【我】【知】【道】【,】【我】【遇】【到】【了】【一】【个】【强】【劲】【的】【对】【手】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【一】【天】【,】【数】【学】【老】【师】【告】【诉】【我】【们】【,】【县】【里】【将】【要】【组】【织】【一】【次】【中】【学】【生】【数】【学】【竞】【赛】【,】【分】【配】【给】【我】【们】【学】【校】【的】【名】【额】【只】【有】【一】【个】【,】【学】【校】【决】【定】【通】【过】【校】【内】【预】【赛】【来】【选】【拔】【参】【加】【“】【县】【赛】【”】【的】【选】【手】【。】【若】【在】【以】【前】【,】【我】【一】【定】【会】【不】【以】【为】【然】【,】【继】【而】【高】【枕】【无】【忧】【地】【等】【待】【赴】【赛】【的】【通】【知】【。】【但】【现】【在】【,】【我】【无】【法】【乐】【观】【,】【那】【位】【新】【来】【的】【对】【手】【实】【力】【实】【在】【太】【强】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【为】【了】【能】【在】【预】【赛】【中】【胜】【出】【,】【我】【更】【加】【刻】【苦】【努】【力】【。】【但】【结】【果】【还】【是】【给】【了】【我】【沉】【重】【一】【击】【,】【我】【以】【一】【分】【之】【差】【,】【将】【去】【县】【里】【参】【赛】【的】【机】【会】【拱】【手】【相】【让】【给】【周】【峰】【。】【那】【段】【时】【间】【里】【,】【我】【难】【受】【极】【了】【。】【我】【将】【自】【己】【的】【失】【败】【归】【根】【于】【周】【峰】【的】【掠】【夺】【,】【以】【至】【于】【后】【来】【每】【当】【看】【到】【这】【个】【可】【恶】【的】【对】【手】【,】【我】【的】【心】【里】【就】【会】【产】【生】【一】【种】【强】【烈】【的】【抵】【触】【。】【有】【一】【次】【,】【当】【周】【峰】【向】【我】【借】【一】【本】【课】【外】【读】【物】【时】【,】【我】【没】【好】【气】【地】【一】【口】【回】【绝】【。】【看】【着】【他】【红】【着】【脸】【,】【讪】【讪】【地】【离】【开】【,】【我】【的】【心】【里】【涌】【起】【一】【股】【莫】【名】【的】【痛】【快】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【然】【而】【,】【就】【在】【“】【县】【赛】【”】【开】【赛】【的】【前】【夕】【,】【周】【峰】【病】【倒】【了】【。】【老】【师】【顺】【理】【成】【章】【地】【将】【那】【个】【唯】【一】【的】【名】【额】【给】【了】【我】【。】【面】【对】【失】【而】【复】【得】【的】【机】【会】【,】【我】【百】【感】【交】【集】【,】【马】【上】【全】【身】【心】【投】【入】【了】【赛】【事】【。】【最】【终】【,】【我】【没】【有】【辜】【负】【老】【师】【的】【期】【望】【,】【在】【竞】【赛】【中】【力】【挫】【群】【雄】【,】【摘】【取】【了】【本】【次】【竞】【赛】【的】【“】【一】【等】【奖】【”】【,】【并】【被】【推】【荐】【参】【加】【省】【里】【的】【数】【学】【竞】【赛】【。】【那】【天】【,】【当】【老】【师】【在】【课】【堂】【上】【激】【动】【地】【宣】【布】【我】【的】【竞】【赛】【成】【绩】【时】【,】【我】【狂】【喜】【之】【余】【偷】【偷】【瞟】【了】【一】【眼】【周】【峰】【,】【他】【一】【脸】【灿】【烂】【的】【微】【笑】【分】【明】【是】【在】【对】【我】【表】【示】【祝】【贺】【。】【令】【我】【惊】【愕】【的】【是】【,】【老】【师】【后】【来】【告】【诉】【我】【,】【虽】【然】【周】【峰】【当】【初】【有】【病】【耽】【误】【了】【学】【习】【,】【但】【他】【在】【“】【县】【赛】【”】【前】【两】【天】【已】【经】【痊】【愈】【,】【本】【来】【他】【还】【是】【有】【资】【格】【参】【加】【比】【赛】【的】【,】【但】【想】【到】【我】【已】【经】【准】【备】【了】【这】【么】【长】【时】【间】【,】【实】【力】【肯】【定】【有】【了】【很】【大】【的】【提】【高】【,】【于】【是】【把】【名】【额】【让】【给】【我】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【此】【时】【,】【我】【真】【切】【地】【感】【到】【了】【我】【和】【周】【峰】【之】【间】【的】【差】【距】【,】【这】【个】【差】【距】【就】【是】【在】【做】【人】【的】【涵】【养】【上】【!】【我】【向】【来】【在】【各】【方】【面】【都】【不】【肯】【落】【后】【于】【人】【,】【醒】【悟】【了】【这】【点】【,】【我】【马】【上】【拿】【起】【那】【本】【书】【送】【到】【周】【峰】【面】【前】【,】【诚】【恳】【地】【说】【:】【“】【谢】【谢】【你】【给】【我】【的】【这】【次】【机】【会】【!】【”】【周】【峰】【笑】【了】【:】【“】【其】【实】【,】【给】【你】【机】【会】【,】【也】【是】【给】【我】【自】【己】【机】【会】【,】【因】【为】【我】【明】【白】【,】【病】【了】【的】【那】【段】【时】【间】【,】【我】【与】【你】【肯】【定】【有】【了】【差】【距】【,】【而】【且】【竞】【赛】【其】【实】【并】【不】【是】【我】【的】【强】【项】【,】【我】【也】【可】【以】【集】【中】【精】【力】【迎】【接】【期】【末】【考】【试】【。】【你】【可】【别】【大】【意】【了】【,】【到】【时】【候】【让】【我】【抢】【了】【第】【一】【名】【哦】【!】【”】【于】【是】【,】【我】【们】【紧】【紧】【拥】【抱】【在】【一】【起】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【以】【后】【的】【学】【习】【中】【,】【我】【们】【既】【互】【为】【对】【手】【,】【又】【互】【相】【帮】【助】【。】【当】【有】【了】【难】【题】【攻】【克】【不】【下】【时】【,】【我】【们】【第】【一】【个】【想】【到】【的】【就】【是】【找】【对】【方】【切】【磋】【。】【在】【你】【追】【我】【赶】【中】【,】【我】【们】【两】【个】【人】【的】【成】【绩】【成】【了】【班】【级】【里】【别】【人】【无】【法】【逾】【越】【的】【两】【座】【山】【峰】【。】【我】【终】【于】【明】【白】【:】【对】【手】【并】【不】【是】【“】【拦】【路】【虎】【”】【,】【也】【不】【是】【“】【肉】【中】【刺】【”】【。】【漫】【漫】【人】【生】【之】【旅】【,】【对】【手】【就】【像】【一】【面】【神】【奇】【的】【镜】【子】【,】【让】【你】【时】【刻】【清】【醒】【地】【看】【到】【自】【己】【的】【不】【足】【。】【给】【对】【手】【一】【个】【拥】【抱】【吧】【,】【因】【为】【对】【手】【的】【存】【在】【,】【人】【生】【会】【变】【得】【更】【加】【精】【彩】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【素】【材】【运】【用】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【所】【谓】【对】【手】【,】【就】【是】【同】【一】【领】【域】【的】【竞】【争】【者】【。】【对】【手】【常】【常】【让】【我】【们】【在】【鲜】【花】【和】【荣】【誉】【面】【前】【手】【足】【无】【措】【,】【对】【手】【却】【又】【常】【常】【在】【不】【知】【不】【觉】【中】【催】【促】【我】【们】【大】【步】【前】【行】【。】【当】【我】【们】【取】【得】【一】【些】【成】【绩】【,】【回】【首】【时】【发】【现】【,】【多】【亏】【了】【对】【手】【无】【形】【中】【的】【鞭】【策】【,】【自】【己】【才】【斗】【志】【昂】【扬】【地】【攀】【越】【了】【一】【座】【座】【高】【峰】【。】【生】【命】【中】【总】【会】【遇】【到】【各】【样】【的】【对】【手】【,】【不】【要】【把】【对】【手】【看】【做】【“】【眼】【中】【钉】【”】【和】【“】【肉】【中】【刺】【”】【,】【没】【有】【对】【手】【的】【人】【生】【是】【寂】【寞】【的】【。】【因】【为】【对】【手】【的】【存】【在】【,】【我】【们】【才】【会】【“】【不】【用】【扬】【鞭】【自】【奋】【蹄】【”】【。】【给】【对】【手】【一】【个】【拥】【抱】【吧】【,】【感】【谢】【那】【些】【曾】【经】【与】【你】【赛】【跑】【的】【人】【,】【谁】【先】【到】【达】【终】【点】【并】【不】【重】【要】【,】【重】【要】【的】【是】【生】【命】【在】【彼】【此】【的】【激】【励】【中】【越】【来】【越】【强】【大】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【话】【题】【拓】【展】【:】【在】【激】【励】【中】【成】【长】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【摘】【 】【要】【:】【初】【中】【阶】【段】【,】【正】【是】【学】【生】【接】【收】【外】【来】【一】【切】【新】【鲜】【事】【物】【的】【大】【好】【时】【机】【,】【语】【言】【文】【学】【,】【如】【滚】【滚】【波】【涛】【般】【涌】【入】【他】【们】【的】【大】【脑】【中】【。】【在】【初】【中】【教】【学】【的】【教】【材】【中】【,】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【出】【现】【的】【频】【率】【非】【常】【高】【,】【毫】【不】【例】【外】【,】【语】【文】【教】【师】【一】【碰】【到】【鲁】【迅】【的】【文】【章】【都】【会】【显】【得】【格】【外】【严】【肃】【认】【真】【,】【鲁】【迅】【的】【文】【章】【或】【者】【小】【说】【是】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【学】【一】【大】【难】【点】【,】【而】【历】【史】【上】【堆】【积】【的】【左】【的】【思】【想】【,】【使】【我】【们】【在】【解】【读】【鲁】【迅】【的】【时】【候】【往】【往】【出】【现】【误】【解】【:】【过】【度】【强】【调】【小】【说】【或】【者】【文】【章】【里】【面】【的】【政】【治】【以】【及】【思】【想】【上】【面】【的】【意】【义】【。】【这】【严】【重】【阻】【碍】【了】【学】【生】【思】【维】【的】【拓】【展】【,】【也】【给】【语】【文】【教】【学】【课】【堂】【带】【来】【了】【极】【大】【的】【影】【响】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【关】【键】【词】【:】【中】【学】【语】【文】【教】【材】【;】【鲁】【迅】【作】【品】【;】【教】【学】【措】【施】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【初】【中】【生】【是】【刚】【刚】【脱】【离】【大】【人】【们】【怀】【抱】【的】【雏】【鸟】【,】【渴】【望】【自】【由】【和】【知】【识】【的】【灌】【溉】【,】【语】【文】【从】【小】【学】【一】【年】【级】【开】【始】【就】【陪】【伴】【着】【孩】【子】【们】【成】【长】【,】【在】【他】【们】【的】【印】【象】【中】【,】【语】【文】【就】【是】【回】【归】【祖】【国】【的】【怀】【抱】【,】【犹】【如】【晚】【归】【的】【幼】【鸟】【眷】【恋】【温】【暖】【的】【鸟】【巢】【。】【而】【在】【初】【中】【教】【学】【的】【教】【材】【中】【,】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【出】【现】【的】【频】【率】【非】【常】【高】【,】【也】【许】【对】【于】【教】【师】【们】【来】【说】【花】【功】【夫】【去】【理】【解】【是】【没】【问】【题】【的】【,】【而】【对】【刚】【入】【初】【中】【的】【孩】【子】【们】【来】【说】【,】【这】【无】【疑】【是】【一】【大】【难】【关】【,】【所】【以】【,】【如】【何】【将】【鲁】【迅】【作】【品】【正】【确】【而】【有】【效】【地】【传】【输】【给】【学】【生】【是】【当】【今】【语】【文】【教】【学】【中】【急】【迫】【解】【决】【的】【。】【下】【面】【我】【们】【一】【起】【来】【了】【解】【中】【学】【语】【文】【对】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【作】【品】【教】【学】【的】【现】【状】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【中】【学】【语】【文】【中】【鲁】【迅】【作】【品】【教】【学】【现】【状】【分】【析】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【初】【中】【学】【习】【阶】【段】【,】【关】【于】【如】【何】【正】【确】【教】【鲁】【迅】【作】【品】【的】【方】【法】【着】【实】【成】【为】【了】【许】【多】【语】【文】【教】【师】【最】【担】【心】【的】【问】【题】【,】【鲁】【迅】【的】【作】【品】【在】【中】【学】【教】【材】【中】【的】【份】【额】【和】【地】【位】【可】【想】【而】【知】【,】【不】【管】【是】【从】【新】【中】【国】【开】【始】【成】【立】【,】【还】【是】【如】【今】【高】【速】【发】【展】【的】【信】【息】【时】【代】【。】【对】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【研】【究】【的】【程】【度】【范】【围】【都】【越】【来】【越】【广】【,】【对】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【作】【品】【教】【学】【的】【问】【题】【也】【是】【五】【花】【八】【门】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【1】【课】【堂】【学】【习】【氛】【围】【比】【较】【沉】【闷】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【语】【文】【课】【的】【时】【间】【,】【学】【生】【最】【爱】【听】【老】【师】【讲】【故】【事】【,】【最】【喜】【欢】【像】【西】【游】【记】【里】【面】【的】【孙】【悟】【空】【猪】【八】【戒】【类】【似】【的】【人】【物】【,】【老】【师】【每】【涉】【及】【到】【这】【种】【话】【题】【,】【同】【学】【们】【就】【开】【始】【活】【跃】【起】【来】【,】【直】【到】【最】【后】【老】【师】【不】【得】【不】【把】【声】【音】【的】【分】【贝】【放】【到】【最】【大】【。】【对】【于】【初】【中】【生】【,】【中】【学】【有】【三】【件】【可】【怕】【的】【事】【情】【,】【一】【是】【文】【言】【文】【,】【二】【是】【写】【作】【文】【,】【三】【则】【是】【周】【树】【人】【。】【一】【上】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【作】【品】【的】【课】【,】【首】【先】【弥】【漫】【开】【来】【的】【便】【是】【老】【师】【那】【无】【尽】【的】【严】【肃】【和】【压】【抑】【的】【课】【堂】【氛】【围】【,】【鲁】【迅】【的】【文】【章】【比】【较】【生】【涩】【,】【许】【多】【同】【学】【们】【难】【以】【下】【咽】【,】【又】【加】【之】【理】【解】【难】【度】【较】【大】【,】【致】【使】【学】【生】【们】【无】【所】【适】【从】【,】【学】【不】【会】【。】【每】【次】【考】【试】【涉】【及】【到】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【,】【学】【生】【们】【便】【会】【觉】【得】【这】【道】【大】【题】【没】【有】【了】【希】【望】【,】【赶】【紧】【得】【放】【弃】【去】【寻】【找】【下】【一】【道】【争】【分】【题】【。】【如】【此】【一】【来】【,】【学】【生】【对】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【作】【品】【毫】【无】【兴】【趣】【,】【甚】【至】【感】【觉】【压】【抑】【,】【课】【堂】【上】【就】【不】【会】【和】【老】【师】【进】【行】【互】【动】【交】【流】【,】【课】【上】【也】【只】【剩】【下】【老】【师】【干】【巴】【巴】【地】【在】【讲】【台】【上】【授】【课】【,】【毫】【无】【激】【情】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【2】【语】【文】【教】【师】【的】【出】【发】【点】【出】【现】【误】【区】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【中】【国】【的】【教】【育】【学】【会】【会】【长】【顾】【明】【远】【曾】【经】【感】【叹】【,】【孩】【子】【们】【不】【爱】【学】【习】【或】【者】【解】【除】【鲁】【迅】【的】【文】【章】【,】【其】【实】【是】【现】【在】【语】【文】【教】【育】【的】【出】【发】【点】【出】【现】【了】【误】【区】【,】【很】【多】【语】【文】【老】【师】【一】【上】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【课】【,】【马】【上】【就】【搬】【出】【鲁】【迅】【的】【战】【斗】【精】【神】【,】【压】【迫】【性】【地】【要】【学】【生】【们】【像】【鲁】【迅】【战】【斗】【那】【样】【攻】【克】【自】【己】【的】【学】【习】【障】【碍】【,】【这】【样】【,】【学】【生】【们】【会】【不】【由】【自】【主】【地】【产】【生】【出】【一】【种】【逆】【反】【心】【理】【,】【他】【们】【就】【想】【,】【凭】【什】【么】【每】【个】【东】【西】【都】【要】【关】【系】【到】【学】【习】【,】【我】【就】【不】【学】【你】【能】【怎】【样】【。】【久】【而】【久】【之】【,】【学】【生】【们】【一】【提】【到】【鲁】【迅】【,】【脑】【海】【中】【就】【会】【立】【马】【浮】【现】【一】【个】【横】【眉】【冷】【对】【千】【夫】【指】【的】【怪】【癖】【老】【头】【。】【就】【是】【因】【为】【教】【学】【中】【带】【来】【的】【这】【种】【误】【导】【,】【学】【生】【们】【才】【不】【能】【完】【整】【地】【认】【识】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【及】【其】【本】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【3】【语】【文】【教】【学】【的】【时】【间】【规】【划】【缺】【乏】【合】【理】【的】【安】【排】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【也】【有】【语】【文】【老】【师】【曾】【经】【向】【记】【者】【反】【应】【过】【,】【他】【表】【示】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【不】【是】【我】【们】【简】【简】【单】【单】【就】【能】【消】【化】【得】【了】【的】【,】【读】【懂】【他】【需】【要】【下】【一】【番】【狠】【功】【夫】【,】【而】【且】【每】【个】【人】【在】【不】【同】【的】【阶】【段】【体】【会】【都】【是】【不】【一】【样】【的】【,】【同】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【,】【也】【许】【你】【现】【在】【读】【完】【的】【感】【受】【跟】【一】【年】【前】【读】【完】【的】【感】【受】【会】【完】【全】【不】【一】【样】【。】【而】【且】【我】【们】【读】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【的】【时】【候】【,】【还】【要】【结】【合】【当】【时】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【写】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【时】【候】【的】【社】【会】【背】【景】【,】【以】【及】【社】【会】【条】【件】【,】【还】【有】【先】【生】【当】【时】【处】【的】【环】【境】【。】【语】【文】【教】【师】【反】【应】【,】【拿】【《】【阿】【Q】【正】【传】【》】【举】【个】【例】【子】【吧】【,】【老】【师】【们】【甚】【至】【觉】【得】【可】【以】【用】【一】【个】【月】【的】【时】【间】【来】【解】【读】【这】【篇】【小】【说】【,】【然】【而】【为】【了】【应】【付】【应】【试】【教】【育】【不】【得】【不】【在】【短】【短】【一】【两】【周】【内】【完】【成】【,】【这】【是】【教】【育】【体】【制】【的】【误】【区】【,】【是】【语】【文】【教】【学】【时】【间】【规】【划】【没】【有】【得】【到】【合】【理】【的】【安】【排】【,】【如】【此】【短】【促】【的】【时】【间】【内】【,】【学】【生】【们】【能】【消】【化】【还】【真】【的】【是】【怪】【事】【了】【呢】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【提】【升】【鲁】【迅】【作】【品】【教】【学】【的】【策】【略】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【说】【到】【底】【,】【要】【更】【好】【地】【解】【读】【鲁】【迅】【的】【作】【品】【,】【就】【是】【要】【认】【清】【楚】【鲁】【迅】【这】【个】【人】【、】【认】【清】【楚】【并】【钻】【研】【其】【作】【品】【,】【此】【外】【,】【我】【们】【更】【要】【学】【习】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【精】【神】【面】【貌】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【1】【走】【进】【鲁】【迅】【以】【便】【孩】【子】【们】【更】【好】【地】【认】【识】【先】【生】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【今】【的】【新】【课】【程】【下】【的】【新】【教】【材】【的】【新】【背】【景】【,】【想】【要】【做】【好】【正】【确】【的】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【教】【学】【,】【我】【们】【首】【要】【任】【务】【就】【是】【不】【走】【以】【前】【那】【条】【陈】【旧】【的】【道】【路】【,】【打】【破】【那】【种】【思】【想】【上】【的】【束】【缚】【、】【老】【套】【的】【观】【念】【,】【从】【鲁】【迅】【每】【个】【实】【际】【生】【活】【阶】【段】【,】【指】【引】【着】【学】【生】【们】【认】【清】【鲁】【迅】【的】【为】【人】【和】【其】【纯】【真】【。】【我】【们】【学】【过】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【一】【篇】【小】【说】【,】【小】【说】【里】【面】【描】【绘】【了】【一】【处】【美】【丽】【的】【世】【外】【桃】【源】【,】【与】【尘】【世】【的】【浑】【浊】【隔】【离】【开】【来】【,】【每】【个】【家】【庭】【都】【那】【么】【幸】【福】【,】【无】【忧】【无】【虑】【,】【这】【就】【是】【《】【社】【戏】【》】【里】【面】【的】【生】【活】【,】【不】【仅】【山】【清】【水】【秀】【、】【鸟】【语】【花】【香】【,】【而】【且】【民】【风】【淳】【朴】【,】【各】【处】【充】【满】【中】【和】【谐】【与】【欢】【笑】【,】【梦】【里】【的】【世】【界】【也】【不】【过】【如】【此】【罢】【了】【。】【特】【别】【小】【说】【里】【描】【写】【了】【几】【个】【没】【有】【被】【封】【建】【思】【想】【束】【缚】【着】【的】【孩】【子】【,】【他】【们】【勇】【敢】【、】【善】【良】【、】【不】【畏】【权】【势】【,】【我】【想】【,】【这】【也】【是】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【想】【要】【表】【达】【的】【内】【心】【最】【渴】【望】【的】【自】【己】【吧】【,】【或】【者】【他】【也】【是】【寄】【予】【当】【时】【广】【大】【人】【们】【群】【众】【这】【种】【希】【望】【。】【这】【群】【孩】【子】【们】【的】【天】【真】【淳】【朴】【,】【恰】【巧】【适】【合】【刚】【入】【初】【中】【的】【孩】【子】【们】【,】【呼】【喊】【着】【童】【真】【,】【只】【要】【教】【师】【们】【做】【到】【这】【一】【点】【,】【那】【就】【完】【全】【能】【让】【学】【生】【们】【接】【近】【并】【喜】【欢】【上】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【,】【褪】【去】【那】【层】【神】【秘】【感】【,】【其】【实】【鲁】【迅】【也】【是】【一】【个】【正】【常】【的】【不】【能】【再】【正】【常】【的】【人】【,】【孩】【子】【们】【的】【朋】【友】【,】【进】【而】【引】【起】【学】【生】【与】【鲁】【迅】【之】【间】【的】【共】【鸣】【,】【产】【生】【对】【鲁】【迅】【的】【兴】【趣】【后】【,】【一】【切】【都】【好】【说】【了】【,】【俗】【语】【说】【得】【好】【,】【兴】【趣】【是】【最】【好】【的】【老】【师】【嘛】【,】【那】【么】【学】【生】【就】【会】【积】【极】【活】【跃】【的】【参】【与】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【,】【回】【答】【问】【题】【,】【老】【师】【也】【能】【轻】【松】【教】【学】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【2】【了】【解】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【作】【品】【缘】【由】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【讨】【论】【鲁】【迅】【的】【作】【品】【时】【,】【不】【能】【一】【味】【地】【仅】【对】【作】【品】【分】【析】【讲】【解】【,】【老】【师】【还】【得】【看】【到】【与】【此】【篇】【文】【章】【互】【相】【联】【系】【的】【其】【它】【文】【章】【、】【日】【记】【、】【随】【笔】【,】【看】【清】【楚】【当】【时】【的】【社】【会】【形】【势】【和】【作】【者】【身】【处】【的】【条】【件】【。】【其】【实】【说】【到】【底】【,】【要】【想】【好】【好】【教】【孩】【子】【们】【,】【最】【主】【要】【的】【是】【老】【师】【要】【理】【解】【并】【掌】【握】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【所】【要】【表】【达】【出】【来】【的】【东】【西】【,】【老】【师】【学】【会】【了】【,】【上】【课】【的】【时】【候】【就】【能】【从】【容】【不】【迫】【地】【引】【领】【着】【学】【生】【跟】【着】【自】【己】【的】【思】【路】【走】【,】【直】【到】【学】【生】【完】【全】【掌】【握】【并】【有】【那】【种】【想】【深】【入】【探】【究】【的】【欲】【望】【,】【就】【像】【还】【没】【吃】【够】【的】【小】【山】【羊】【,】【直】【到】【找】【到】【母】【羊】【所】【在】【。】【而】【且】【老】【师】【也】【要】【给】【学】【生】【深】【入】【思】【考】【的】【时】【间】【,】【这】【对】【培】【养】【孩】【子】【的】【思】【维】【方】【式】【有】【很】【大】【的】【好】【处】【,】【还】【能】【让】【孩】【子】【们】【一】【直】【形】【成】【这】【种】【自】【己】【思】【考】【的】【习】【惯】【,】【想】【必】【其】【对】【未】【来】【的】【帮】【助】【也】【是】【极】【大】【的】【。】【对】【鲁】【迅】【理】【解】【完】【了】【之】【后】【,】【老】【师】【还】【可】【以】【把】【鲁】【迅】【的】【思】【考】【方】【法】【教】【授】【给】【孩】【子】【,】【毕】【竟】【一】【代】【伟】【人】【的】【思】【维】【方】【式】【是】【不】【同】【于】【一】【般】【人】【的】【,】【这】【也】【能】【提】【高】【学】【生】【的】【分】【辨】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【3】【学】【习】【鲁】【迅】【的】【精】【神】【面】【貌】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【千】【方】【百】【计】【地】【去】【学】【习】【鲁】【迅】【,】【到】【底】【是】【为】【了】【学】【什】【么】【?】【我】【们】【学】【习】【鲁】【迅】【,】【学】【习】【的】【是】【他】【的】【灵】【魂】【!】【学】【习】【他】【“】【横】【眉】【冷】【对】【千】【夫】【指】【”】【,】【不】【管】【我】【们】【做】【错】【了】【什】【么】【,】【不】【要】【太】【过】【在】【意】【别】【人】【的】【看】【法】【,】【别】【让】【其】【他】【人】【的】【指】【点】【而】【否】【定】【自】【己】【,】【让】【我】【们】【挺】【起】【胸】【膛】【,】【用】【铁】【骨】【铮】【铮】【去】【征】【服】【前】【路】【上】【的】【荆】【棘】【坎】【坷】【;】【学】【习】【他】【“】【俯】【首】【甘】【为】【孺】【子】【牛】【”】【,】【社】【会】【是】【一】【个】【整】【体】【,】【当】【我】【们】【遇】【到】【困】【难】【的】【时】【候】【,】【我】【们】【不】【是】【期】【待】【别】【人】【的】【关】【怀】【与】【帮】【助】【?】【就】【算】【你】【出】【自】【于】【官】【代】【世】【家】【,】【尽】【管】【你】【背】【后】【有】【多】【大】【的】【后】【台】【,】【请】【永】【远】【记】【住】【,】【你】【总】【是】【一】【个】【人】【,】【一】【个】【需】【要】【用】【技】【巧】【和】【本】【领】【生】【活】【在】【这】【个】【社】【会】【中】【的】【普】【通】【人】【。】【我】【们】【需】【要】【关】【怀】【和】【安】【慰】【受】【伤】【的】【人】【,】【为】【那】【些】【处】【在】【水】【深】【火】【热】【之】【中】【的】【人】【送】【去】【一】【丝】【温】【暖】【和】【希】【望】【,】【去】【服】【务】【社】【会】【,】【去】【建】【设】【祖】【国】【的】【未】【来】【!】【这】【就】【是】【鲁】【迅】【的】【精】【神】【。】【而】【这】【种】【精】【神】【刚】【好】【给】【处】【在】【人】【生】【分】【岔】【口】【的】【初】【中】【生】【一】【道】【通】【向】【明】【亮】【未】【来】【的】【光】【芒】【,】【使】【学】【生】【从】【这】【个】【时】【候】【开】【始】【给】【自】【己】【树】【立】【坚】【韧】【的】【精】【神】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【小】【结】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【鲁】【迅】【带】【给】【我】【们】【的】【不】【仅】【是】【他】【那】【个】【时】【候】【的】【世】【界】【,】【还】【有】【无】【价】【的】【精】【神】【财】【富】【。】【教】【师】【正】【确】【解】【读】【鲁】【迅】【的】【作】【品】【,】【让】【学】【生】【在】【生】【活】【中】【学】【习】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【,】【就】【能】【让】【学】【生】【徜】【徉】【在】【伟】【人】【思】【想】【的】【大】【海】【上】【,】【迈】【向】【一】【条】【正】【确】【的】【人】【生】【之】【路】【。】【事】【实】【证】【明】【,】【不】【管】【中】【国】【当】【今】【的】【社】【会】【发】【展】【得】【有】【多】【快】【,】【不】【管】【社】【会】【主】【义】【事】【业】【有】【多】【么】【强】【盛】【,】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【思】【想】【和】【精】【神】【永】【不】【过】【时】【。】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【所】【希】【望】【看】【到】【的】【,】【是】【能】【为】【祖】【国】【做】【奉】【献】【的】【我】【们】【,】【是】【敢】【于】【和】【不】【良】【或】【者】【腐】【败】【的】【官】【僚】【主】【义】【作】【斗】【争】【的】【人】【,】【是】【心】【肠】【善】【良】【的】【活】【泼】【青】【年】【,】【是】【继】【承】【着】【祖】【国】【未】【来】【的】【新】【一】【代】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【参】【考】【文】【献】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【1】【]】【张】【华】【.】【鲁】【迅】【作】【品】【教】【学】【,】【中】【小】【学】【教】【材】【教】【学】【.】【[】【M】【]】【百】【度】【文】【库】【.】【2】【0】【0】【4】【年】【2】【3】【期】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【2】【]】【陈】【小】【英】【.】【引】【领】【学】【生】【走】【进】【鲁】【迅】【.】【[】【M】【]】【人】【民】【教】【育】【出】【版】【社】【.】【2】【0】【0】【5】【年】【5】【月】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【者】【简】【介】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【黄】【明】【昌】【,】【男】【,】【1】【9】【7】【2】【年】【1】【0】【月】【生】【,】【贵】【州】【遵】【义】【人】【,】【遵】【义】【县】【山】【盆】【镇】【落】【炉】【中】【学】【语】【文】【教】【师】【。】长城腾翼c50【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【近】【来】【常】【常】【想】【到】【时】【间】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【时】【间】【很】【玄】【妙】【,】【无】【涯】【无】【际】【,】【无】【始】【无】【终】【,】【无】【穷】【无】【尽】【。】【绵】【绵】【岁】【月】【,】【悠】【悠】【历】【史】【,】【皆】【由】【时】【间】【组】【成】【。】【时】【间】【涵】【盖】【宇】【宙】【太】【空】【,】【主】【宰】【天】【地】【万】【物】【。】【牛】【顿】【有】【时】【间】【绝】【对】【永】【恒】【之】【说】【,】【爱】【因】【斯】【坦】【则】【有】【相】【对】【论】【的】【时】【间】【观】【念】【,】【都】【很】【能】【激】【发】【想】【象】【力】【,】【这】【是】【科】【学】【家】【思】【考】【的】【命】【题】【,】【姑】【且】【不】【论】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【时】【间】【让】【人】【感】【到】【神】【秘】【莫】【测】【。】【十】【七】【世】【纪】【法】【国】【作】【家】【伏】【尔】【泰】【说】【过】【,】【时】【间】【是】【个】【谜】【:】【最】【长】【又】【最】【短】【,】【最】【快】【又】【最】【慢】【,】【最】【能】【分】【割】【又】【最】【宽】【广】【,】【最】【不】【受】【重】【视】【又】【最】【宝】【贵】【,】【渺】【小】【与】【伟】【大】【都】【在】【时】【间】【中】【诞】【生】【,】【等】【等】【。】【这】【一】【串】【哲】【理】【的】【话】【,】【在】【我】【们】【庸】【常】【的】【人】【生】【中】【倒】【也】【常】【有】【体】【会】【。】【抗】【战】【八】【年】【,】【“】【文】【革】【”】【十】【年】【,】【身】【临】【其】【境】【,】【常】【觉】【时】【间】【过】【得】【慢】【,】【感】【到】【那】【段】【时】【间】【真】【长】【。】【事】【过】【境】【迁】【,】【又】【觉】【得】【时】【间】【过】【得】【真】【快】【。】【人】【生】【几】【何】【,】【从】【混】【沌】【到】【清】【醒】【,】【竟】【用】【去】【大】【半】【辈】【时】【间】【。】【现】【在】【生】【活】【渐】【趋】【小】【康】【,】【国】【门】【敞】【开】【,】【“】【与】【国】【际】【接】【轨】【”】【,】【改】【革】【开】【放】【近】【二】【十】【年】【,】【仿】【佛】【又】【是】【转】【瞬】【之】【间】【。】【快】【或】【慢】【,】【长】【或】【短】【,】【分】【割】【或】【宽】【广】【,】【渺】【小】【或】【伟】【大】【,】【最】【终】【是】【留】【不】【住】【时】【间】【。】【“】【子】【在】【川】【上】【曰】【:】【逝】【者】【如】【斯】【夫】【,】【不】【舍】【昼】【夜】【!】【”】【古】【人】【慨】【叹】【时】【间】【流】【失】【的】【惆】【怅】【和】【无】【奈】【,】【依】【然】【引】【起】【今】【人】【共】【鸣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【时】【间】【也】【真】【是】【不】【可】【捉】【摸】【:】【无】【形】【无】【影】【,】【无】【声】【无】【息】【,】【无】【光】【无】【色】【。】【然】【而】【,】【时】【间】【却】【又】【无】【处】【不】【在】【。】【随】【手】【掇】【拾】【几】【个】【生】【活】【细】【节】【,】【例】【如】【撕】【去】【的】【日】【历】【,】【飘】【落】【的】【秋】【叶】【,】【老】【人】【的】【白】【发】【,】【美】【女】【眼】【角】【的】【鱼】【尾】【纹】【,】【诸】【如】【此】【类】【,】【都】【显】【示】【时】【间】【的】【印】【痕】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【时】【间】【对】【每】【个】【人】【都】【是】【公】【正】【的】【。】【人】【人】【不】【断】【拥】【有】【时】【间】【,】【人】【人】【又】【不】【断】【丧】【失】【时】【间】【。】【历】【史】【无】【情】【,】【岁】【月】【不】【饶】【人】【。】【老】【人】【是】【去】【日】【苦】【长】【,】【来】【日】【苦】【短】【。】【年】【轻】【人】【的】【时】【间】【当】【然】【比】【老】【人】【富】【有】【得】【多】【,】【经】【得】【起】【透】【支】【和】【挥】【霍】【。】【不】【过】【,】【正】【如】【老】【年】【是】【从】【青】【年】【过】【来】【的】【一】【样】【,】【青】【年】【的】【未】【来】【必】【然】【是】【老】【年】【,】【如】【果】【有】【足】【够】【年】【龄】【可】【称】【得】【上】【老】【年】【的】【话】【。】【这】【个】【道】【理】【很】【简】【单】【,】【或】【长】【或】【短】【,】【任】【何】【人】【的】【时】【间】【都】【是】【有】【限】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【最】【大】【的】【浪】【费】【是】【时】【间】【的】【浪】【费】【。】【浪】【费】【个】【人】【时】【间】【,】【蹉】【跎】【年】【华】【,】【虚】【掷】【生】【命】【,】【是】【个】【人】【的】【损】【失】【。】【如】【果】【浪】【费】【国】【家】【和】【民】【族】【的】【时】【间】【,】【长】【期】【、】【无】【谓】【的】【消】【耗】【,】【造】【成】【历】【史】【倒】【退】【,】【是】【亿】【万】【人】【民】【的】【损】【失】【。】【时】【间】【孕】【育】【机】【遇】【,】【机】【遇】【来】【自】【时】【间】【。】【大】【有】【大】【的】【机】【遇】【,】【小】【有】【小】【的】【机】【遇】【。】【赢】【得】【时】【间】【,】【接】【受】【挑】【战】【,】【为】【民】【造】【福】【,】【没】【有】【不】【能】【创】【造】【的】【奇】【迹】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【马】【克】【思】【有】【一】【句】【耐】【人】【寻】【味】【的】【名】【言】【:】【“】【时】【间】【是】【人】【类】【发】【展】【的】【空】【间】【。】【”】【在】【无】【限】【浩】【瀚】【的】【时】【空】【里】【,】【人】【类】【的】【想】【象】【力】【和】【创】【造】【力】【是】【永】【无】【穷】【尽】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【素】【材】【运】【用】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【逝】【者】【如】【斯】【,】【不】【舍】【昼】【夜】【。】【少】【年】【人】【正】【值】【大】【好】【年】【华】【,】【是】【拖】【延】【塞】【责】【、】【虚】【掷】【光】【阴】【,】【还】【是】【珍】【惜】【时】【光】【、】【努】【力】【进】【取】【?】【你】【的】【选】【择】【将】【决】【定】【你】【的】【一】【生】【。】【多】【么】【希】【望】【若】【干】【年】【后】【,】【当】【你】【回】【首】【这】【段】【高】【考】【历】【程】【时】【,】【心】【中】【无】【比】【坦】【荡】【:】【那】【个】【阶】【段】【紧】【张】【、】【辛】【苦】【,】【但】【是】【无】【比】【充】【实】【、】【快】【乐】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【话】【题】【拓】【展】【:】【最】【宝】【贵】【的】【东】【西】【 】【珍】【爱】【时】【间】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【作】【包】【含】【了】【字】【、】【词】【、】【句】【法】【、】【篇】【章】【等】【方】【方】【面】【面】【的】【知】【识】【,】【是】【语】【言】【综】【合】【运】【用】【能】【力】【的】【一】【种】【表】【现】【。】【写】【作】【对】【语】【言】【运】【用】【的】【要】【求】【是】【非】【常】【高】【的】【。】【所】【以】【说】【,】【在】【汉】【语】【教】【学】【中】【,】【写】【作】【教】【学】【毫】【无】【疑】【问】【是】【最】【难】【的】【一】【项】【教】【学】【内】【容】【。】【就】【写】【作】【教】【学】【的】【一】【些】【基】【本】【原】【则】【,】【笔】【者】【愿】【与】【诸】【位】【仁】【兄】【探】【讨】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【实】【用】【性】【原】【则】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【众】【所】【周】【知】【,】【我】【们】【农】【牧】【区】【的】【汉】【语】【教】【学】【属】【于】【第】【二】【语】【言】【教】【学】【,】【与】【内】【地】【学】【校】【的】【语】【文】【教】【学】【是】【有】【区】【别】【的】【。】【我】【们】【的】【学】【生】【学】【汉】【语】【,】【最】【根】【本】【的】【目】【的】【在】【于】【能】【够】【使】【用】【汉】【语】【与】【别】【人】【进】【行】【交】【流】【,】【即】【“】【学】【以】【致】【用】【。】【”】【以】【往】【为】【了】【应】【付】【考】【试】【,】【写】【作】【教】【学】【往】【往】【存】【在】【内】【容】【上】【“】【假】【、】【大】【、】【空】【”】【等】【的】【弊】【病】【。】【这】【种】【没】【有】【实】【际】【价】【值】【的】【写】【作】【教】【学】【是】【很】【难】【取】【得】【成】【功】【的】【。】【换】【句】【话】【说】【,】【我】【们】【没】【有】【解】【决】【好】【作】【文】【写】【什】【么】【,】【怎】【么】【写】【,】【为】【什】【么】【写】【等】【问】【题】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【很】【显】【然】【,】【初】【学】【写】【作】【的】【中】【学】【生】【,】【应】【该】【多】【训】【练】【写】【身】【边】【的】【人】【,】【写】【身】【边】【的】【事】【以】【及】【写】【身】【边】【的】【景】【。】【怎】【么】【写】【呢】【?】【有】【两】【点】【必】【须】【做】【到】【,】【一】【是】【内】【容】【应】【真】【实】【可】【信】【,】【二】【是】【叙】【述】【时】【要】【具】【体】【。】【为】【什】【么】【而】【写】【呢】【?】【是】【为】【了】【表】【达】【自】【己】【内】【心】【深】【处】【的】【真】【情】【实】【感】【,】【包】【括】【喜】【怒】【哀】【乐】【。】【也】【就】【是】【说】【,】【要】【让】【学】【生】【学】【会】【“】【我】【手】【写】【我】【心】【 】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【例】【如】【,】【在】【初】【中】【汉】【语】【第】【四】【册】【第】【五】【单】【元】【里】【,】【学】【生】【学】【习】【了】【好】【几】【篇】【有】【关】【风】【土】【人】【情】【方】【面】【的】【课】【文】【,】【尤】【其】【是】【《】【香】【格】【里】【拉】【人】【与】【自】【然】【》】【这】【篇】【课】【文】【,】【讲】【的】【是】【我】【们】【藏】【族】【人】【民】【的】【风】【俗】【习】【惯】【。】【我】【们】【可】【以】【先】【让】【学】【生】【讨】【论】【,】【藏】【族】【地】【区】【其】【它】【方】【面】【的】【一】【些】【自】【然】【景】【观】【和】【人】【文】【特】【色】【等】【,】【然】【后】【有】【选】【择】【性】【地】【对】【一】【些】【藏】【族】【地】【区】【的】【风】【土】【人】【情】【,】【用】【书】【信】【的】【形】【式】【,】【给】【国】【内】【外】【的】【新】【朋】【友】【或】【游】【客】【进】【行】【介】【绍】【。】【这】【样】【做】【,】【学】【生】【有】【话】【写】【,】【也】【乐】【于】【写】【。】【这】【也】【就】【是】【我】【们】【认】【为】【的】【实】【用】【性】【原】【则】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【渐】【进】【性】【原】【则】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【农】【牧】【区】【学】【生】【的】【汉】【语】【水】【平】【是】【有】【待】【于】【提】【高】【的】【。】【因】【此】【,】【写】【作】【教】【学】【千】【万】【不】【可】【操】【之】【过】【急】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【大】【家】【知】【道】【,】【一】【篇】【完】【整】【的】【文】【章】【,】【尤】【其】【是】【名】【家】【之】【作】【,】【我】【们】【把】【它】【称】【为】【“】【作】【品】【”】【,】【学】【生】【练】【习】【写】【的】【小】【文】【章】【,】【我】【们】【叫】【它】【“】【作】【文】【”】【。】【这】【就】【告】【诉】【我】【们】【,】【作】【为】【汉】【语】【教】【师】【,】【对】【学】【生】【写】【作】【的】【期】【望】【值】【不】【要】【太】【高】【。】【学】【生】【写】【作】【是】【很】【困】【难】【的】【。】【每】【个】【学】【生】【练】【习】【写】【作】【都】【面】【临】【词】【汇】【,】【语】【法】【,】【汉】【语】【思】【维】【习】【惯】【等】【很】【多】【问】【题】【。】【要】【求】【学】【生】【短】【时】【间】【内】【能】【写】【出】【一】【篇】【好】【文】【章】【肯】【定】【是】【不】【太】【现】【实】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【文】【章】【是】【由】【语】【段】【组】【成】【的】【,】【我】【们】【可】【以】【把】【语】【段】【看】【成】【一】【篇】【小】【文】【章】【。】【引】【导】【学】【生】【学】【习】【范】【文】【时】【,】【可】【以】【根】【据】【需】【要】【只】【学】【习】【某】【一】【段】【或】【其】【中】【的】【两】【三】【段】【。】【同】【理】【,】【练】【习】【写】【作】【时】【,】【也】【先】【让】【学】【生】【写】【一】【个】【个】【的】【语】【段】【,】【再】【把】【语】【段】【扩】【展】【成】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【比】【如】【,】【教】【学】【生】【写】【《】【我】【们】【的】【校】【园】【》】【时】【,】【第】【一】【次】【上】【课】【可】【以】【先】【请】【学】【生】【写】【学】【校】【的】【操】【场】【,】【第】【二】【次】【上】【课】【再】【让】【学】【生】【写】【学】【校】【的】【教】【学】【楼】【,】【第】【三】【次】【上】【课】【就】【叫】【学】【生】【写】【好】【综】【合】【大】【楼】【和】【学】【生】【食】【堂】【等】【。】【若】【能】【这】【样】【分】【层】【次】【地】【写】【,】【然】【后】【再】【组】【合】【成】【篇】【,】【学】【生】【对】【写】【作】【应】【该】【不】【会】【感】【到】【太】【为】【难】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【对】【一】【些】【汉】【语】【基】【础】【欠】【扎】【实】【的】【学】【生】【,】【我】【们】【还】【可】【以】【用】【做】【填】【空】【题】【的】【方】【式】【来】【训】【练】【。】【比】【如】【写】【《】【自】【我】【介】【绍】【》】【可】【以】【如】【下】【练】【习】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【我】【的】【名】【字】【叫】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【,】【今】【年】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【岁】【。】【我】【来】【自】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【小】【学】【,】【现】【在】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【中】【学】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【年】【级】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【班】【。】【我】【喜】【欢】【的】【体】【育】【或】【文】【艺】【活】【动】【有】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【,】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【,】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【。】【我】【的】【理】【想】【是】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【语】【写】【作】【教】【学】【的】【难】【度】【无】【疑】【是】【比】【较】【大】【的】【,】【但】【只】【要】【我】【们】【循】【序】【渐】【进】【,】【有】【耐】【心】【地】【进】【行】【,】【一】【定】【会】【有】【意】【想】【不】【到】【的】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【操】【作】【性】【原】【则】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【目】【前】【,】【我】【们】【农】【牧】【区】【许】【多】【中】【学】【的】【写】【作】【教】【学】【存】【在】【两】【种】【不】【合】【理】【的】【现】【象】【。】【其】【一】【为】【学】【生】【不】【会】【写】【,】【写】【不】【好】【,】【老】【师】【就】【丧】【失】【信】【心】【,】【于】【是】【便】【放】【弃】【作】【文】【的】【教】【学】【;】【其】【二】【某】【些】【教】【师】【找】【范】【文】【或】【写】【开】【头】【和】【结】【尾】【,】【让】【学】【生】【死】【记】【硬】【背】【。】【如】【此】【这】【般】【,】【学】【生】【怎】【么】【能】【写】【好】【作】【文】【呢】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【所】【主】【张】【的】【写】【作】【教】【学】【要】【遵】【循】【的】【操】【作】【性】【原】【则】【就】【是】【讲】【求】【语】【言】【的】【实】【践】【性】【,】【即】【把】【更】【多】【的】【时】【间】【交】【给】【学】【生】【去】【练】【习】【。】【要】【注】【重】【学】【生】【及】【时】【操】【练】【语】【言】【知】【识】【。】【在】【汉】【语】【教】【学】【的】【听】【、】【说】【、】【读】【、】【写】【4】【种】【语】【言】【技】【能】【当】【中】【,】【任】【何】【一】【种】【技】【能】【都】【需】【要】【经】【过】【反】【复】【地】【练】【习】【才】【能】【真】【正】【的】【掌】【握】【。】【写】【作】【是】【难】【度】【最】【大】【的】【一】【项】【技】【能】【,】【更】【应】【该】【及】【时】【,】【不】【断】【、】【反】【复】【地】【训】【练】【。】【这】【肯】【定】【不】【是】【放】【任】【自】【流】【或】【死】【记】【硬】【背】【所】【能】【做】【到】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【诚】【然】【,】【写】【作】【操】【练】【的】【方】【式】【是】【多】【种】【多】【样】【的】【。】【僻】【如】【,】【首】【先】【为】【听】【后】【写】【。】【也】【就】【是】【让】【教】【师】【或】【某】【一】【学】【生】【说】【上】【一】【段】【话】【,】【接】【着】【学】【生】【们】【把】【听】【到】【的】【内】【容】【写】【下】【来】【。】【其】【次】【是】【说】【后】【写】【。】【即】【先】【让】【学】【生】【练】【习】【说】【,】【说】【完】【了】【再】【把】【自】【己】【说】【过】【的】【话】【记】【下】【来】【。】【第】【三】【即】【看】【后】【写】【。】【这】【相】【当】【于】【看】【图】【作】【文】【或】【文】【字】【材】【料】【作】【文】【。】【还】【有】【仿】【写】【、】【续】【写】【,】【扩】【写】【和】【缩】【写】【等】【等】【。】【我】【们】【提】【倡】【学】【生】【通】【过】【各】【种】【方】【式】【的】【写】【作】【实】【践】【,】【不】【断】【提】【高】【汉】【语】【写】【作】【能】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【精】【诚】【所】【致】【,】【金】【石】【为】【开】【。】【”】【日】【积】【月】【累】【地】【坚】【持】【训】【练】【,】【何】【愁】【我】【们】【的】【学】【生】【写】【不】【好】【作】【文】【呢】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【总】【而】【言】【之】【,】【只】【要】【我】【们】【遵】【守】【以】【上】【写】【作】【教】【学】【的】【基】【本】【原】【则】【,】【我】【们】【的】【写】【作】【教】【学】【将】【不】【再】【是】【困】【难】【的】【差】【事】【!】长城腾翼c50【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【技】【法】【导】【航】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【选】【好】【写】【作】【对】【象】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【选】【好】【写】【作】【对】【象】【这】【一】【方】【面】【,】【与】【通】【过】【一】【件】【事】【写】【一】【个】【人】【相】【比】【,】【要】【求】【更】【高】【一】【些】【。】【如】【《】【我】【们】【的】【语】【文】【老】【师】【》】【和】【《】【我】【的】【另】【类】【老】【师】【》】【写】【的】【都】【是】【自】【己】【的】【老】【师】【,】【都】【通】【过】【了】【多】【件】【事】【表】【现】【了】【老】【师】【的】【特】【点】【。】【这】【是】【因】【为】【老】【师】【与】【自】【己】【朝】【夕】【相】【处】【,】【对】【老】【师】【比】【较】【熟】【悉】【,】【有】【许】【多】【可】【写】【的】【素】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【选】【好】【典】【型】【事】【例】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【通】【过】【几】【件】【事】【写】【一】【个】【人】【,】【这】【“】【几】【件】【事】【”】【通】【常】【是】【“】【二】【三】【事】【”】【。】【如】【《】【我】【们】【的】【语】【文】【老】【师】【》】【一】【文】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【做】【好】【详】【略】【安】【排】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【选】【好】【具】【有】【代】【表】【性】【的】【“】【二】【三】【事】【”】【后】【,】【具】【体】【写】【时】【还】【应】【处】【理】【好】【详】【写】【和】【略】【写】【的】【关】【系】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【四】【、】【精】【心】【构】【思】【组】【材】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【通】【过】【多】【件】【事】【来】【写】【一】【个】【人】【需】【要】【讲】【究】【组】【材】【的】【艺】【术】【。】【可】【以】【运】【用】【并】【列】【的】【手】【法】【,】【将】【多】【件】【事】【直】【接】【列】【举】【出】【来】【,】【表】【现】【人】【物】【的】【性】【格】【特】【点】【。】【另】【外】【,】【在】【组】【材】【上】【还】【可】【以】【用】【插】【叙】【的】【手】【法】【,】【将】【多】【件】【事】【巧】【妙】【组】【合】【起】【来】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【佳】【作】【欣】【赏】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【的】【语】【文】【老】【师】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【刘】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【雯】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【得】【不】【承】【认】【,】【这】【就】【是】【缘】【分】【,】【在】【茫】【茫】【人】【海】【,】【让】【不】【知】【天】【高】【地】【厚】【的】【我】【们】【遇】【见】【了】【我】【们】【的】【语】【文】【老】【师】【—】【—】【赵】【俊】【辉】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【他】【有】【着】【一】【颗】【天】【使】【般】【的】【童】【心】【,】【所】【以】【我】【经】【常】【在】【背】【地】【里】【叫】【他】【“】【哥】【哥】【”】【,】【也】【许】【就】【是】【这】【一】【点】【才】【拉】【近】【了】【我】【们】【之】【间】【的】【距】【离】【。】【与】【他】【走】【近】【了】【,】【才】【知】【道】【他】【也】【有】【许】【多】【缺】【点】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【一】【直】【认】【为】【,】【他】【不】【是】【一】【个】【称】【职】【的】【老】【师】【,】【虽】【然】【在】【别】【人】【眼】【中】【他】【很】【优】【秀】【。】【为】【什】【么】【这】【么】【说】【呢】【?】【就】【说】【那】【次】【早】【自】【习】【吧】【,】【雨】【下】【得】【特】【别】【大】【,】【有】【几】【个】【同】【学】【走】【进】【教】【室】【时】【已】【成】【了】【落】【汤】【鸡】【。】【他】【巡】【视】【全】【班】【后】【,】【将】【自】【己】【的】【外】【套】【披】【在】【其】【中】【一】【个】【同】【学】【身】【上】【。】【可】【能】【是】【觉】【得】【不】【好】【意】【思】【吧】【,】【那】【个】【同】【学】【说】【要】【回】【寝】【室】【换】【衣】【服】【,】【把】【外】【套】【还】【给】【他】【后】【就】【冲】【出】【了】【教】【室】【。】【此】【时】【,】【教】【室】【外】【大】【雨】【倾】【盆】【,】【雷】【声】【阵】【阵】【,】【可】【我】【还】【是】【很】【清】【晰】【地】【听】【到】【一】【声】【巨】【响】【,】【是】【他】【冲】【那】【位】【同】【学】【大】【吼】【:】【“】【回】【来】【!】【”】【那】【气】【势】【甭】【提】【有】【多】【吓】【人】【了】【!】【然】【后】【我】【看】【见】【他】【递】【给】【那】【个】【同】【学】【一】【把】【雨】【伞】【。】【你】【见】【过】【这】【样】【的】【老】【师】【吗】【?】【先】【冲】【学】【生】【发】【脾】【气】【,】【再】【和】【声】【细】【雨】【化】【危】【难】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【还】【发】【现】【,】【他】【很】【狡】【猾】【。】【作】【文】【可】【是】【让】【每】【一】【个】【学】【生】【都】【恼】【火】【的】【活】【儿】【了】【,】【可】【我】【们】【这】【帮】【弟】【子】【想】【在】【他】【的】【门】【下】【滥】【竽】【充】【数】【是】【不】【可】【能】【的】【,】【谁】【都】【知】【道】【他】【那】【双】【“】【火】【眼】【金】【睛】【”】【能】【一】【下】【子】【看】【穿】【你】【文】【字】【里】【的】【伎】【俩】【。】【说】【也】【奇】【怪】【,】【以】【前】【一】【听】【见】【写】【作】【文】【就】【虚】【汗】【直】【冒】【好】【抓】【头】【皮】【啃】【笔】【头】【的】【我】【们】【,】【现】【在】【却】【变】【得】【轻】【松】【了】【很】【多】【,】【边】【回】【味】【他】【的】【精】【彩】【故】【事】【,】【边】【构】【思】【自】【己】【的】【佳】【作】【。】【我】【在】【想】【,】【如】【果】【他】【不】【做】【老】【师】【,】【一】【定】【是】【一】【个】【非】【常】【出】【色】【的】【导】【演】【。】【要】【不】【然】【,】【我】【们】【怎】【么】【会】【在】【走】【出】【这】【些】【圈】【套】【的】【同】【时】【也】【给】【自】【己】【带】【来】【一】【些】【东】【西】【,】【比】【如】【一】【篇】【篇】【发】【表】【的】【习】【作】【,】【比】【如】【一】【本】【本】【获】【奖】【证】【书】【,】【还】【比】【如】【别】【人】【的】【羡】【慕】【和】【赞】【赏】【。】【而】【这】【一】【切】【,】【我】【们】【却】【毫】【不】【知】【情】【,】【可】【能】【,】【这】【与】【他】【的】【狡】【猾】【有】【关】【吧】【,】【都】【是】【“】【狡】【猾】【惹】【的】【祸】【”】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【除】【了】【不】【称】【职】【和】【狡】【猾】【外】【,】【我】【认】【为】【他】【还】【很】【贪】【玩】【,】【和】【我】【们】【这】【帮】【弟】【子】【一】【样】【的】【爱】【玩】【。】【 】【每】【次】【班】【上】【举】【办】【活】【动】【,】【他】【都】【会】【把】【我】【们】【作】【弄】【得】【狼】【狈】【不】【堪】【,】【而】【他】【望】【着】【我】【们】【不】【时】【地】【发】【出】【傻】【傻】【的】【、】【爽】【朗】【的】【笑】【声】【,】【我】【不】【禁】【感】【慨】【道】【:】【有】【他】【这】【样】【可】【爱】【的】【好】【玩】【的】【老】【师】【,】【真】【好】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【说】【了】【这】【么】【多】【他】【的】【坏】【话】【,】【挺】【过】【意】【不】【去】【的】【,】【其】【实】【,】【在】【我】【心】【里】【挺】【敬】【佩】【他】【的】【。】【我】【想】【,】【我】【们】【也】【许】【只】【是】【一】【片】【片】【叶】【子】【,】【而】【他】【就】【是】【大】【树】【,】【在】【他】【的】【呵】【护】【下】【,】【我】【们】【会】【踏】【上】【正】【确】【的】【人】【生】【轨】【道】【,】【迈】【开】【自】【己】【稚】【嫩】【的】【步】【伐】【,】【放】【飞】【理】【想】【,】【自】【由】【的】【飞】【翔】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【相】【信】【,】【关】【于】【他】【的】【这】【些】【文】【字】【也】【会】【带】【给】【你】【很】【多】【感】【受】【:】【比】【如】【感】【动】【,】【比】【如】【智】【慧】【,】【比】【如】【快】【乐】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【品】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【读】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【篇】【习】【作】【从】【不】【同】【角】【度】【描】【写】【了】【我】【的】【老】【师】【,】【让】【老】【师】【的】【形】【象】【在】【读】【者】【面】【前】【立】【体】【化】【。】【语】【言】【幽】【默】【,】【文】【字】【优】【美】【,】【材】【料】【处】【理】【比】【较】【得】【体】【,】【是】【比】【较】【成】【功】【的】【一】【篇】【习】【作】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【佳】【作】【欣】【赏】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【的】【另】【类】【老】【师】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【仝】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【创】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【《】【女】【生】【贾】【梅】【》】【中】【写】【过】【两】【条】【精】【辟】【的】【醒】【世】【名】【言】【:】【一】【条】【是】【“】【走】【进】【学】【校】【—】【—】【《】【误】【入】【虎】【穴】【》】【”】【,】【另】【一】【条】【是】【“】【班】【主】【任】【来】【了】【—】【—】【《】【这】【里】【的】【黎】【明】【静】【悄】【悄】【》】【”】【。】【但】【自】【从】【另】【类】【的】【她】【来】【了】【,】【这】【两】【条】【至】【理】【名】【言】【就】【被】【“】【束】【之】【高】【阁】【”】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【她】【是】【一】【个】【“】【运】【动】【员】【”】【。】【她】【的】【每】【一】【个】【细】【胞】【都】【散】【发】【着】【活】【力】【,】【让】【我】【们】【不】【得】【不】【跟】【着】【她】【。】【虽】【然】【年】【龄】【和】【我】【们】【的】【妈】【妈】【差】【不】【多】【大】【,】【但】【奇】【怪】【的】【是】【她】【和】【我】【们】【并】【没】【有】【代】【沟】【。】【你】【听】【,】【进】【入】【课】【堂】【的】【一】【声】【“】【H】【i】【—】【—】【”】【,】【立】【即】【搅】【和】【满】【池】【水】【,】【离】【开】【时】【的】【“】【B】【y】【e】【—】【—】【”】【加】【挥】【手】【,】【便】【带】【走】【我】【们】【无】【限】【的】【眷】【恋】【!】【只】【要】【一】【听】【到】【下】【一】【节】【课】【是】【语】【文】【课】【,】【我】【们】【会】【异】【口】【同】【声】【欢】【呼】【:】【哦】【,】【耶】【!】【没】【办】【法】【,】【语】【文】【课】【玩】【的】【就】【是】【心】【跳】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【她】【是】【一】【个】【“】【大】【骗】【子】【”】【。】【第】【一】【节】【语】【文】【课】【她】【居】【然】【“】【诡】【计】【多】【端】【”】【,】【以】【“】【媒】【人】【”】【的】【身】【份】【让】【我】【们】【爱】【上】【语】【文】【,】【又】【是】【诗】【又】【是】【词】【的】【,】【让】【我】【们】【心】【甘】【情】【愿】【争】【先】【恐】【后】【地】【上】【了】【“】【语】【文】【船】【”】【。】【她】【笑】【眯】【眯】【地】【说】【:】【“】【我】【最】【喜】【欢】【读】【学】【生】【日】【记】【了】【,】【写】【得】【太】【好】【了】【,】【我】【会】【读】【得】【哈】【哈】【大】【笑】【,】【一】【笑】【就】【不】【会】【变】【老】【啦】【!】【因】【此】【,】【拜】【托】【大】【家】【一】【定】【要】【将】【日】【记】【写】【好】【一】【点】【,】【不】【要】【让】【你】【们】【的】【黄】【变】【得】【满】【脸】【沧】【桑】【啊】【…】【…】【”】【我】【的】【第】【一】【篇】【日】【记】【的】【评】【语】【居】【然】【被】【写】【成】【:】【“】【宝】【贝】【啊】【,】【你】【的】【日】【记】【本】【在】【“】【裸】【奔】【”】【哎】【,】【没】【有】【名】【字】【,】【没】【有】【卷】【首】【语】【,】【没】【有】【画】【图】【设】【计】【,】【身】【体】【也】【‘】【瘦】【’】【得】【叫】【人】【担】【心】【…】【…】【因】【此】【,】【重】【做】【好】【吗】【?】【爱】【你】【的】【黄】【。】【”】【我】【那】【天】【发】【誓】【,】【我】【要】【好】【好】【写】【作】【文】【,】【好】【好】【学】【语】【文】【,】【不】【要】【因】【为】【我】【让】【黄】【的】【脸】【上】【多】【出】【几】【条】【皱】【纹】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【她】【还】【是】【一】【个】【“】【演】【员】【”】【呢】【。】【《】【郑】【人】【买】【履】【》】【的】【翻】【译】【,】【她】【居】【然】【一】【改】【平】【常】【甜】【甜】【的】【普】【通】【话】【,】【表】【演】【了】【一】【段】【“】【东】【台】【版】【”】【的】【翻】【译】【,】【惟】【妙】【惟】【肖】【,】【让】【我】【们】【笑】【得】【都】【喘】【不】【过】【气】【来】【了】【,】【有】【人】【笑】【得】【直】【踢】【桌】【腿】【。】【有】【一】【次】【作】【文】【课】【上】【,】【她】【讲】【她】【以】【前】【的】【学】【生】【,】【边】【说】【边】【演】【,】【一】【会】【儿】【是】【一】【只】【爱】【炫】【耀】【的】【、】【骄】【傲】【的】【大】【公】【鸡】【“】【樊】【爷】【”】【,】【一】【会】【儿】【是】【一】【个】【威】【风】【凛】【凛】【的】【假】【小】【子】【“】【姜】【舒】【”】【,】【转】【瞬】【又】【是】【一】【个】【终】【日】【酣】【睡】【、】【下】【巴】【与】【脖】【子】【融】【为】【一】【体】【的】【“】【胖】【韩】【涛】【”】【…】【…】【口】【中】【的】【人】【儿】【一】【个】【个】【仿】【佛】【来】【到】【我】【们】【身】【边】【了】【。】【这】【才】【几】【天】【,】【她】【还】【把】【我】【们】【也】【变】【成】【了】【小】【演】【员】【。】【薛】【素】【清】【又】【不】【写】【作】【业】【啦】【,】【我】【们】【的】【黄】【轻】【轻】【起】【了】【个】【头】【:】【“】【薛】【帅】【哥】【—】【—】【”】【全】【班】【同】【学】【立】【即】【心】【领】【神】【会】【地】【朝】【着】【薛】【帅】【哥】【喊】【道】【“】【薛】【帅】【哥】【—】【—】【要】【加】【油】【—】【—】【”】【我】【们】【配】【合】【得】【是】【那】【样】【默】【契】【,】【薛】【帅】【哥】【的】【脸】【红】【得】【能】【煎】【鸡】【蛋】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【你】【听】【过】【一】【颗】【糖】【果】【的】【“】【进】【贡】【”】【吗】【?】【你】【见】【过】【让】【日】【记】【之】【星】【、】【书】【法】【之】【星】【上】【台】【领】【奖】【一】【定】【要】【按】【要】【求】【摆】【出】【高】【贵】【的】【P】【o】【s】【s】【吗】【?】【你】【见】【过】【让】【进】【步】【大】【的】【人】【把】【膝】【盖】【抬】【得】【与】【地】【面】【平】【行】【走】【路】【吗】【…】【…】【啊】【呀】【,】【我】【们】【有】【点】【另】【类】【的】【黄】【,】【她】【的】【故】【事】【三】【天】【三】【夜】【也】【讲】【不】【完】【呢】【!】【写】【到】【这】【里】【,】【我】【仿】【佛】【又】【看】【到】【她】【灿】【烂】【的】【笑】【容】【,】【让】【人】【觉】【得】【在】【冰】【天】【雪】【地】【里】【也】【温】【暖】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【品】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【读】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【篇】【习】【作】【写】【的】【是】【自】【己】【的】【语】【文】【老】【师】【,】【小】【作】【者】【抓】【住】【老】【师】【的】【“】【另】【类】【”】【来】【写】【。】【结】【构】【严】【谨】【,】【思】【路】【清】【晰】【,】【主】【体】【部】【分】【的】【三】【个】【小】【节】【均】【运】【用】【“】【总】【分】【”】【的】【结】【构】【形】【式】【,】【分】【别】【以】【她】【是】【一】【个】【“】【运】【动】【员】【”】【、】【她】【是】【一】【个】【“】【大】【骗】【子】【”】【、】【她】【还】【是】【一】【个】【“】【演】【员】【”】【呢】【为】【总】【起】【句】【,】【从】【不】【同】【角】【度】【表】【现】【黄】【老】【师】【的】【“】【另】【类】【”】【。】

长城腾翼c50:四川乐山暴雨

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【美】【国】【石】【油】【大】【王】【约】【翰】【·】【戴】【维】【森】【·】【洛】【克】【菲】【勒】【小】【时】【候】【家】【里】【很】【穷】【,】【全】【家】【人】【的】【生】【活】【都】【依】【靠】【母】【亲】【独】【自】【辛】【苦】【支】【撑】【。】【洛】【克】【菲】【勒】【小】【时】【就】【卖】【马】【铃】【薯】【,】【火】【鸡】【,】【想】【多】【赚】【些】【钱】【帮】【助】【母】【亲】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【一】【天】【,】【小】【洛】【克】【菲】【勒】【卖】【完】【马】【铃】【薯】【在】【回】【家】【的】【路】【上】【,】【看】【见】【两】【个】【和】【自】【己】【年】【龄】【相】【仿】【的】【孩】【子】【爬】【到】【苹】【果】【树】【上】【摘】【了】【好】【几】【个】【苹】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【时】【,】【有】【一】【个】【小】【男】【孩】【跑】【了】【过】【来】【,】【他】【向】【摘】【苹】【果】【的】【孩】【子】【们】【请】【求】【:】【“】【我】【也】【想】【吃】【苹】【果】【…】【…】【”】【有】【一】【个】【孩】【子】【拿】【出】【两】【个】【苹】【果】【问】【小】【男】【孩】【:】【“】【你】【说】【,】【哪】【个】【苹】【果】【大】【,】【哪】【个】【苹】【果】【小】【?】【”】【小】【男】【孩】【指】【着】【小】【苹】【果】【说】【:】【“】【这】【个】【大】【!】【”】【“】【好】【呀】【,】【就】【给】【你】【这】【个】【‘】【大】【苹】【果】【’】【!】【真】【是】【个】【傻】【瓜】【呀】【!】【”】【两】【个】【孩】【子】【说】【笑】【着】【跑】【远】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【多】【年】【之】【后】【,】【已】【经】【成】【为】【石】【油】【大】【王】【的】【洛】【克】【菲】【勒】【曾】【在】【追】【忆】【往】【事】【时】【这】【样】【说】【道】【:】【“】【童】【年】【时】【,】【有】【个】【小】【男】【孩】【用】【一】【个】【小】【苹】【果】【教】【会】【了】【我】【一】【个】【道】【理】【,】【那】【就】【是】【有】【时】【看】【似】【糊】【涂】【的】【做】【法】【,】【其】【实】【并】【不】【会】【吃】【亏】【,】【反】【而】【是】【走】【向】【成】【功】【的】【捷】【径】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【素】【材】【解】【读】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【文】【章】【中】【的】【小】【男】【孩】【的】【做】【法】【看】【似】【吃】【亏】【实】【则】【一】【种】【人】【生】【策】【略】【,】【看】【似】【糊】【涂】【实】【则】【蕴】【含】【着】【人】【生】【的】【大】【智】【慧】【。】【吃】【亏】【是】【福】【,】【吃】【亏】【是】【成】【功】【的】【捷】【径】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【通】【用】【话】【题】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【吃】【亏】【、】【聪】【明】【与】【糊】【涂】【、】【策】【略】长城腾翼c50【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【你】【终】【于】【因】【为】【现】【实】【比】【梦】【境】【更】【美】【而】【无】【法】【入】【睡】【时】【,】【你】【恋】【爱】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【苏】【斯】【博】【士】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【如】【果】【说】【玛】【丽】【莲】【·】【梦】【露】【是】【“】【性】【感】【女】【神】【”】【,】【格】【蕾】【斯】【·】【凯】【利】【是】【“】【冰】【雪】【皇】【后】【”】【,】【奥】【黛】【丽】【·】【赫】【本】【是】【“】【永】【恒】【的】【精】【灵】【”】【,】【那】【伊】【丽】【莎】【白】【·】【泰】【勒】【就】【是】【“】【美】【丽】【的】【化】【身】【”】【。】【无】【论】【是】【结】【婚】【还】【是】【单】【身】【,】【健】【康】【还】【是】【疾】【病】【缠】【身】【,】【银】【幕】【上】【还】【是】【银】【幕】【下】【,】【泰】【勒】【感】【受】【新】【鲜】【世】【界】【的】【渴】【望】【从】【未】【干】【涸】【。】【在】【她】【生】【命】【的】【后】【半】【段】【,】【她】【曾】【用】【泰】【勒】【式】【的】【口】【吻】【婉】【拒】【了】【无】【数】【给】【她】【写】【自】【传】【的】【邀】【请】【:】【“】【天】【哪】【,】【别】【,】【我】【还】【活】【在】【我】【的】【回】【忆】【录】【里】【呢】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【《】【纽】【约】【时】【报】【》】【如】【此】【评】【论】【于】【2】【0】【1】【1】【年】【3】【月】【2】【3】【日】【逝】【世】【,】【被】【誉】【为】【“】【世】【界】【第】【一】【美】【人】【”】【、】【两】【次】【荣】【获】【奥】【斯】【卡】【影】【后】【,】【并】【在】【防】【治】【艾】【滋】【病】【方】【面】【做】【出】【了】【巨】【大】【贡】【献】【的】【好】【莱】【坞】【常】【青】【树】【伊】【丽】【莎】【白】【·】【泰】【勒】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【一】【个】【缺】【乏】【常】【识】【和】【规】【则】【的】【时】【代】【,】【搞】【混】【一】【件】【事】【很】【容】【易】【,】【搞】【清】【楚】【一】【件】【事】【却】【很】【难】【;】【在】【缺】【乏】【信】【仰】【和】【标】【准】【的】【环】【境】【下】【,】【质】【疑】【一】【件】【事】【天】【经】【地】【义】【,】【相】【信】【一】【件】【事】【却】【很】【难】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【杨】【乐】【渝】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【一】【个】【政】【权】【开】【始】【烧】【书】【的】【时】【候】【,】【若】【不】【加】【以】【阻】【止】【,】【它】【的】【下】【一】【步】【就】【要】【烧】【人】【!】【当】【一】【个】【政】【权】【开】【始】【禁】【言】【的】【时】【候】【,】【若】【不】【加】【以】【阻】【止】【,】【它】【的】【下】【一】【步】【就】【要】【灭】【口】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【德】【国】【达】【豪】【集】【中】【营】【入】【口】【处】【刻】【的】【1】【7】【世】【纪】【一】【位】【诗】【人】【的】【警】【世】【名】【言】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【论】【我】【们】【的】【灵】【魂】【是】【什】【么】【做】【成】【的】【,】【他】【的】【和】【我】【的】【都】【一】【模】【一】【样】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【英】【国】【一】【项】【调】【查】【,】【艾】【米】【莉】【·】【勃】【朗】【特】【《】【呼】【啸】【山】【庄】【》】【里】【的】【这】【句】【表】【白】【在】【“】【爱】【情】【名】【句】【”】【中】【排】【名】【第】【一】【。】【排】【名】【第】【二】【的】【来】【自】【小】【熊】【维】【尼】【,】【他】【说】【:】【“】【假】【如】【你】【的】【寿】【命】【是】【1】【0】【0】【年】【,】【那】【我】【希】【望】【自】【己】【活】【到】【1】【0】【0】【岁】【的】【前】【一】【天】【,】【那】【样】【我】【的】【生】【命】【中】【每】【天】【都】【有】【你】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【规】【则】【就】【像】【金】【字】【塔】【,】【底】【层】【多】【数】【人】【受】【制】【于】【规】【则】【,】【中】【间】【少】【数】【人】【利】【用】【规】【则】【,】【顶】【层】【个】【别】【人】【制】【定】【规】【则】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【胡】【家】【曙】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【每】【扇】【为】【你】【敞】【开】【的】【门】【,】【后】【面】【都】【有】【个】【开】【门】【的】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【美】【国】【主】【播】【、】【时】【事】【评】【论】【员】【克】【里】【斯】【·】【马】【修】【斯】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【《】【蜗】【居】【》】【代】【表】【把】【物】【质】【等】【同】【成】【功】【的】【压】【力】【;】【《】【蚁】【族】【》】【代】【表】【理】【想】【与】【现】【实】【的】【冲】【突】【;】【《】【潜】【伏】【》】【代】【表】【复】【杂】【的】【人】【际】【关】【系】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【新】【一】【代】【年】【轻】【人】【面】【临】【的】【“】【三】【座】【大】【山】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【爱】【就】【是】【信】【仰】【,】【良】【心】【就】【是】【宗】【教】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【被】【誉】【为】【“】【新】【加】【坡】【国】【宝】【”】【的】【许】【哲】【居】【士】【在】【平】【安】【度】【过】【1】【1】【3】【岁】【生】【日】【后】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【身】【处】【乱】【世】【,】【如】【非】【卖】【不】【可】【,】【先】【卖】【力】【吧】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【台】【湾】【记】【者】【黄】【哲】【斌】【因】【不】【满】【媒】【体】【操】【守】【沦】【落】【而】【辞】【职】【时】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【幸】【福】【不】【是】【长】【生】【不】【老】【,】【不】【是】【大】【鱼】【大】【肉】【,】【不】【是】【权】【倾】【朝】【野】【。】【幸】【福】【是】【每】【一】【个】【微】【小】【的】【生】【活】【愿】【望】【达】【成】【。】【当】【你】【想】【吃】【的】【时】【候】【有】【得】【吃】【,】【想】【被】【爱】【的】【时】【候】【有】【人】【来】【爱】【你】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【动】【画】【片】【《】【飞】【屋】【环】【游】【记】【》】【中】【的】【台】【词】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【裸】【 】【捐】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【把】【特】【定】【范】【围】【的】【个】【人】【资】【产】【全】【部】【捐】【出】【。】【世】【界】【首】【富】【比】【尔】【·】【盖】【茨】【在】【从】【微】【软】【总】【裁】【的】【位】【置】【上】【退】【下】【,】【将】【自】【己】【名】【下】【的】【5】【8】【0】【亿】【美】【元】【全】【部】【捐】【给】【梅】【林】【达】【·】【盖】【茨】【基】【金】【会】【,】【分】【文】【没】【给】【子】【女】【,】【被】【媒】【体】【誉】【为】【“】【裸】【捐】【”】【。】【捐】【出】【5】【8】【0】【亿】【美】【元】【本】【身】【就】【很】【让】【人】【瞩】【目】【,】【然】【而】【他】【这】【种】【不】【留】【一】【分】【钱】【给】【子】【女】【,】【只】【希】【望】【“】【以】【最】【能】【够】【产】【生】【正】【面】【影】【响】【的】【方】【法】【回】【馈】【社】【会】【”】【的】【慈】【善】【精】【神】【显】【然】【更】【令】【我】【们】【肃】【然】【起】【敬】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【对】【于】【教】【师】【而】【言】【,】【“】【身】【正】【为】【范】【”】【比】【“】【学】【高】【为】【师】【”】【更】【加】【重】【要】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【上】【海】【复】【旦】【大】【学】【校】【长】【杨】【玉】【良】【教】【授】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【让】【每】【一】【名】【学】【生】【感】【到】【教】【师】【对】【他】【(】【她】【)】【的】【发】【展】【有】【期】【待】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【上】【海】【市】【教】【委】【研】【究】【室】【进】【行】【的】【一】【项】【调】【查】【表】【明】【,】【上】【海】【市】【有】【近】【1】【/】【3】【的】【中】【小】【学】【生】【觉】【得】【老】【师】【不】【够】【关】【注】【自】【己】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【读】【书】【:】【最】【具】【文】【化】【价】【值】【的】【活】【动】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【大】【多】【数】【法】【国】【人】【把】【读】【书】【视】【为】【最】【具】【文】【化】【价】【值】【的】【活】【动】【。】【日】【常】【生】【活】【中】【,】【读】【书】【是】【法】【国】【人】【首】【选】【的】【休】【闲】【方】【式】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【读】【书】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【日】【本】【作】【家】【斋】【藤】【孝】【曾】【写】【过】【一】【本】【书】【《】【读】【书】【力】【》】【。】【他】【表】【示】【,】【读】【书】【不】【仅】【仅】【是】【一】【种】【爱】【好】【、】【一】【种】【兴】【趣】【、】【一】【种】【方】【法】【,】【更】【应】【该】【是】【一】【种】【能】【力】【。】【这】【种】【能】【力】【可】【以】【形】【成】【改】【变】【思】【维】【的】【能】【力】【,】【提】【升】【交】【际】【的】【能】【力】【,】【构】【成】【个】【人】【进】【化】【的】【能】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【发】【现】【生】【活】【有】【很】【多】【虚】【伪】【的】【成】【分】【,】【像】【一】【个】【洋】【葱】【头】【,】【一】【层】【层】【的】【皮】【都】【是】【假】【的】【,】【我】【剥】【到】【最】【后】【,】【还】【是】【没】【剥】【到】【心】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【生】【活】【需】【要】【细】【细】【品】【味】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【越】【来】【越】【老】【并】【不】【可】【怕】【,】【可】【怕】【的】【是】【让】【人】【觉】【得】【越】【来】【越】【老】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【保】【持】【年】【轻】【的】【诀】【窍】【,】【在】【于】【拥】【有】【好】【心】【态】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【往】【往】【在】【逃】【避】【命】【运】【的】【路】【上】【,】【却】【与】【命】【运】【不】【期】【而】【遇】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【命】【运】【不】【同】【情】【弱】【者】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【虽】【然】【我】【们】【无】【法】【控】【制】【油】【价】【的】【上】【涨】【,】【却】【可】【以】【控】【制】【自】【己】【的】【行】【为】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【高】【油】【价】【时】【代】【的】【省】【钱】【态】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【贫】【穷】【从】【前】【门】【进】【来】【的】【时】【候】【,】【爱】【情】【就】【会】【从】【后】【门】【溜】【走】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【柏】【杨】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【希】【望】【好】【像】【一】【个】【家】【庭】【,】【没】【有】【它】【,】【你】【会】【觉】【得】【生】【活】【乏】【味】【,】【有】【了】【它】【,】【你】【又】【觉】【得】【天】【天】【为】【它】【辛】【劳】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【马】【克】【·】【吐】【温】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【石】【刻】【文】【字】【耐】【久】【,】【意】【在】【时】【间】【的】【永】【恒】【;】【纸】【质】【信】【息】【轻】【便】【,】【志】【在】【空】【间】【的】【广】【远】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【传】【播】【学】【大】【师】【哈】【罗】【德】【·】【伊】【尼】【斯】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【名】【人】【“】【素】【面】【朝】【天】【”】【时】【,】【化】【的】【妆】【常】【常】【一】【点】【儿】【不】【少】【,】【只】【是】【用】【了】【不】【同】【层】【次】【的】【微】【妙】【米】【色】【。】【这】【相】【当】【于】【高】【档】【宾】【馆】【的】【装】【潢】【:】【低】【调】【、】【顺】【眼】【、】【突】【出】【优】【点】【,】【而】【且】【擅】【长】【遮】【盖】【岁】【月】【的】【痕】【迹】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【《】【泰】【晤】【士】【报】【》】【的】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【希】【望】【当】【这】【么】【多】【人】【都】【出】【门】【去】【闻】【百】【花】【芳】【香】【的】【时】【候】【,】【有】【人】【会】【花】【点】【时】【间】【种】【点】【花】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【美】【国】【心】【理】【学】【家】【赫】【伯】【特】【·】【拉】【帕】【波】【德】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【如】【果】【1】【8】【岁】【或】【者】【2】【0】【岁】【时】【就】【借】【了】【钱】【,】【那】【我】【可】【能】【已】【经】【破】【产】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【股】【神】【巴】【菲】【特】【奉】【劝】【年】【轻】【人】【理】【财】【的】【最】【好】【办】【法】【就】【是】【尽】【量】【少】【用】【信】【用】【卡】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【0】【世】【纪】【8】【0】【年】【代】【出】【生】【的】【人】【,】【一】【出】【生】【就】【有】【电】【视】【,】【一】【上】【学】【就】【有】【电】【脑】【,】【这】【让】【他】【们】【过】【早】【地】【成】【人】【化】【,】【童】【年】【被】【缩】【短】【,】【等】【他】【们】【到】【了】【成】【人】【的】【年】【纪】【,】【却】【又】【显】【出】【儿】【童】【化】【,】【依】【然】【爱】【看】【卡】【通】【,】【爱】【看】【漫】【画】【,】【仿】【佛】【老】【是】【长】【不】【大】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【“】【小】【大】【人】【”】【与】【“】【老】【小】【孩】【”】【越】【来】【越】【多】【的】【原】【因】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【机】【会】【远】【比】【安】【稳】【重】【要】【;】【事】【业】【远】【比】【金】【钱】【重】【要】【;】【未】【来】【远】【比】【今】【天】【重】【要】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【李】【开】【复】【给】【一】【个】【面】【临】【毕】【业】【找】【工】【作】【的】【大】【三】【学】【生】【建】【议】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【像】【登】【山】【一】【样】【,】【没】【到】【山】【顶】【时】【,】【说】【的】【都】【是】【山】【顶】【的】【风】【景】【如】【何】【美】【,】【到】【了】【山】【顶】【,】【说】【的】【都】【是】【山】【下】【的】【鸡】【鸣】【和】【炊】【烟】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【作】【家】【刘】【震】【云】【说】【,】【喜】【欢】【把】【事】【儿】【往】【深】【刻】【里】【说】【,】【恰】【恰】【证】【明】【自】【己】【并】【不】【深】【刻】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【现】【在】【的】【大】【学】【,】【要】【教】【什】【么】【,】【怎】【么】【教】【,】【其】【实】【没】【人】【操】【心】【。】【这】【样】【教】【出】【来】【的】【学】【生】【,】【不】【会】【做】【人】【,】【也】【不】【会】【做】【事】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【中】【国】【人】【民】【大】【学】【教】【授】【张】【鸣】【如】【是】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【今】【的】【经】【济】【学】【界】【,】【探】【讨】【的】【基】【本】【上】【都】【是】【怎】【么】【帮】【有】【钱】【的】【企】【业】【赚】【更】【多】【的】【钱】【,】【却】【很】【少】【有】【人】【在】【研】【究】【怎】【样】【让】【没】【钱】【的】【人】【变】【得】【有】【钱】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【网】【友】【感】【言】【,】【经】【济】【学】【家】【切】【勿】【丧】【失】【自】【己】【的】【学】【术】【良】【知】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【个】【没】【有】【受】【过】【激】【励】【的】【人】【,】【仅】【能】【发】【挥】【其】【能】【力】【的】【2】【%】【~】【3】【0】【%】【;】【而】【当】【他】【受】【到】【激】【励】【时】【,】【其】【能】【力】【可】【以】【发】【挥】【8】【0】【%】【~】【9】【0】【%】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【美】【国】【心】【理】【学】【家】【威】【廉】【·】【詹】【姆】【斯】【如】【是】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【经】【典】【就】【是】【最】【有】【价】【值】【、】【最】【有】【意】【义】【的】【著】【作】【。】【我】【们】【为】【什】【么】【要】【读】【经】【典】【?】【就】【是】【因】【为】【能】【从】【经】【典】【中】【,】【读】【人】【,】【读】【人】【生】【,】【读】【智】【慧】【,】【读】【社】【会】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【易】【中】【天】【说】【,】【可】【以】【从】【孔】【子】【那】【里】【读】【到】【一】【颗】【爱】【心】【,】【构】【建】【和】【谐】【;】【在】【孟】【子】【那】【里】【读】【到】【一】【股】【正】【气】【,】【平】【治】【天】【下】【;】【在】【墨】【子】【那】【里】【读】【到】【一】【腔】【热】【血】【,】【救】【助】【苦】【难】【;】【在】【韩】【非】【子】【那】【里】【读】【到】【一】【双】【冷】【眼】【,】【直】【面】【人】【生】【;】【在】【老】【子】【那】【里】【读】【到】【生】【活】【辩】【证】【法】【;】【在】【庄】【子】【那】【里】【读】【到】【艺】【术】【人】【生】【观】【;】【在】【荀】【子】【那】【里】【读】【到】【科】【学】【进】【取】【心】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【个】【时】【代】【有】【许】【多】【人】【在】【做】【学】【问】【,】【但】【有】【多】【少】【人】【在】【用】【自】【己】【做】【的】【学】【问】【推】【动】【社】【会】【的】【进】【步】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【北】【京】【大】【学】【教】【授】【谢】【冕】【发】【问】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【谦】【虚】【不】【是】【把】【自】【己】【想】【得】【很】【糟】【,】【而】【是】【完】【全】【不】【想】【自】【己】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【卢】【维】【斯】【定】【理】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【敢】【问】【薪】【水】【,】【不】【能】【问】【薪】【水】【,】【最】【想】【问】【薪】【水】【…】【…】【刚】【进】【招】【聘】【会】【觉】【得】【自】【己】【还】【是】【“】【人】【才】【”】【,】【一】【小】【时】【之】【后】【觉】【得】【自】【己】【也】【就】【是】【“】【人】【”】【,】【再】【过】【一】【小】【时】【,】【自】【己】【什】【么】【都】【不】【是】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【一】【名】【忙】【于】【找】【工】【作】【的】【重】【点】【大】【学】【的】【学】【生】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【你】【们】【中】【国】【的】【一】【些】【学】【生】【来】【留】【学】【,】【第】【一】【年】【很】【好】【,】【第】【二】【年】【就】【差】【一】【点】【,】【第】【三】【年】【更】【差】【,】【到】【毕】【业】【时】【最】【差】【。】【因】【为】【没】【有】【创】【新】【,】【只】【知】【道】【背】【书】【本】【,】【这】【个】【是】【没】【有】【用】【的】【,】【在】【电】【脑】【上】【一】【查】【就】【查】【到】【了】【,】【去】【图】【书】【馆】【一】【找】【就】【找】【到】【了】【,】【用】【不】【着】【你】【去】【背】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【金】【庸】【称】【一】【些】【外】【国】【教】【授】【如】【此】【评】【价】【中】【国】【学】【生】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【很】【多】【人】【的】【撒】【谎】【体】【验】【都】【是】【从】【作】【文】【开】【始】【的】【,】【而】【为】【数】【不】【多】【的】【说】【真】【话】【体】【验】【,】【是】【从】【写】【情】【书】【开】【始】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【韩】【寒】【如】【是】【说】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【不】【认】【为】【一】【个】【平】【庸】【的】【博】【士】【比】【勤】【劳】【敬】【业】【的】【木】【匠】【对】【社】【会】【更】【重】【要】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【某】【木】【匠】【学】【校】【板】【报】【栏】【上】【的】【励】【志】【口】【号】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【是】【敌】【人】【就】【是】【朋】【友】【,】【该】【是】【错】【了】【;】【不】【是】【朋】【友】【就】【是】【敌】【人】【,】【才】【是】【对】【的】【。】【敌】【人】【要】【从】【宽】【认】【定】【;】【朋】【友】【要】【从】【严】【录】【取】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【李】【敖】【说】【敌】【人】【与】【朋】【友】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【使】【劲】【往】【上】【抛】【时】【,】【可】【以】【把】【球】【送】【上】【高】【处】【;】【狠】【狠】【往】【下】【砸】【时】【,】【利】【用】【反】【弹】【力】【,】【同】【样】【可】【以】【把】【球】【送】【到】【高】【处】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【对】【别】【人】【的】【打】【击】【和】【取】【笑】【,】【有】【人】【说】【应】【该】【这】【样】【去】【正】【确】【对】【待】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【是】【一】【个】【“】【菜】【鸟】【”】【教】【育】【“】【老】【鸟】【”】【的】【时】【代】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【著】【名】【教】【育】【专】【家】【孙】【云】【晓】【认】【为】【,】【中】【国】【的】【父】【母】【应】【该】【从】【自】【然】【型】【转】【向】【学】【习】【型】【,】【了】【解】【孩】【子】【掌】【握】【的】【知】【识】【,】【掌】【握】【教】【育】【孩】【子】【的】【新】【办】【法】【,】【否】【则】【就】【没】【法】【和】【孩】【子】【沟】【通】【了】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【曾】【经】【是】【最】【幸】【福】【的】【小】【孩】【,】【现】【在】【却】【是】【最】【疲】【惫】【的】【大】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【中】【国】【第】【一】【代】【独】【生】【子】【女】【已】【经】【感】【觉】【到】【了】【压】【力】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【竞】【争】【对】【手】【对】【我】【们】【的】【评】【价】【、】【比】【我】【们】【对】【自】【己】【的】【评】【价】【更】【真】【实】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【—】【—】【反】【对】【的】【意】【见】【更】【准】【确】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【脑】【海】【中】【总】【会】【浮】【现】【这】【样】【的】【画】【:】【每】【个】【人】【都】【被】【困】【在】【一】【个】【无】【声】【无】【光】【的】【狭】【小】【空】【间】【里】【,】【一】【个】【只】【属】【于】【自】【己】【的】【角】【落】【,】【四】【处】【无】【人】【声】【的】【恐】【惧】【压】【抑】【着】【每】【个】【人】【。】【突】【然】【,】【一】【本】【书】【的】【降】【临】【点】【亮】【了】【整】【个】【世】【界】【,】【驱】【散】【了】【人】【们】【心】【头】【的】【不】【安】【,】【稳】【定】【了】【人】【们】【的】【情】【绪】【。】【这】【是】【光】【的】【效】【应】【呢】【,】【还】【是】【书】【的】【魔】【力】【呢】【?】【我】【想】【说】【,】【这】【是】【书】【的】【魔】【力】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【光】【可】【以】【消】【除】【黑】【暗】【带】【来】【的】【恐】【惧】【,】【给】【人】【以】【希】【望】【的】【遐】【想】【,】【但】【真】【正】【让】【人】【内】【心】【不】【感】【到】【害】【怕】【的】【是】【书】【。】【是】【书】【中】【的】【人】【,】【与】【之】【交】【谈】【横】【扫】【了】【寂】【寞】【;】【是】【书】【中】【的】【景】【,】【让】【灵】【魂】【飘】【游】【在】【怡】【人】【的】【景】【色】【之】【中】【;】【是】【书】【中】【的】【事】【,】【让】【人】【体】【会】【到】【悲】【伤】【或】【欢】【乐】【,】【感】【受】【到】【冷】【漠】【或】【温】【暖】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【路】【遥】【的】【《】【平】【凡】【的】【世】【界】【》】【,】【是】【我】【喜】【爱】【的】【一】【本】【书】【。】【是】【它】【告】【诉】【了】【我】【们】【每】【个】【人】【的】【世】【界】【都】【是】【血】【与】【泪】【,】【欢】【与】【笑】【,】【伤】【与】【悲】【交】【替】【的】【产】【物】【。】【每】【个】【人】【都】【有】【逃】【不】【掉】【的】【命】【运】【,】【走】【不】【出】【的】【平】【凡】【。】【我】【是】【在】【好】【朋】【友】【的】【推】【荐】【下】【认】【识】【它】【的】【。】【终】【于】【,】【自】【己】【购】【买】【了】【那】【本】【书】【。】【一】【天】【下】【午】【,】【独】【自】【一】【人】【坐】【在】【书】【房】【里】【,】【将】【整】【本】【书】【看】【了】【个】【遍】【。】【是】【的】【,】【我】【承】【认】【它】【的】【价】【值】【,】【它】【的】【诱】【人】【,】【是】【因】【为】【故】【事】【内】【容】【交】【织】【出】【来】【的】【真】【实】【感】【,】【让】【我】【乐】【在】【其】【中】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【现】【实】【的】【社】【会】【,】【真】【实】【的】【人】【物】【,】【演】【绎】【着】【平】【凡】【的】【人】【生】【。】【这】【个】【世】【界】【总】【在】【不】【停】【地】【改】【变】【,】【也】【许】【变】【得】【完】【美】【,】【也】【许】【物】【是】【人】【非】【,】【但】【唯】【一】【不】【变】【的】【是】【他】【们】【之】【间】【的】【情】【,】【亲】【情】【或】【爱】【情】【。】【看】【着】【他】【们】【的】【人】【生】【,】【想】【着】【自】【己】【的】【未】【来】【,】【带】【着】【无】【限】【憧】【憬】【,】【伴】【着】【无】【比】【勇】【敢】【,】【走】【向】【下】【一】【站】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【爱】【史】【铁】【生】【的】【作】【品】【,】【爱】【他】【的】【地】【坛】【,】【爱】【他】【的】【故】【事】【。】【也】【许】【是】【因】【为】【病】【痛】【让】【他】【将】【生】【与】【死】【看】【得】【透】【彻】【,】【将】【亲】【情】【看】【得】【珍】【贵】【,】【将】【与】【灵】【魂】【的】【对】【话】【看】【作】【一】【种】【馈】【赠】【。】【虽】【然】【没】【有】【他】【的】【经】【历】【,】【但】【他】【的】【感】【受】【,】【他】【的】【领】【悟】【我】【却】【能】【够】【理】【解】【,】【因】【为】【躯】【体】【内】【的】【那】【颗】【炽】【热】【的】【心】【灵】【是】【将】【我】【们】【联】【系】【起】【来】【的】【纽】【带】【。】【我】【能】【从】【文】【章】【中】【感】【受】【到】【他】【的】【坚】【强】【,】【感】【受】【到】【他】【的】【不】【易】【,】【体】【会】【着】【他】【的】【体】【会】【,】【领】【悟】【着】【他】【的】【领】【悟】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【突】【然】【领】【悟】【到】【,】【也】【许】【有】【时】【我】【们】【走】【着】【走】【着】【就】【失】【去】【了】【方】【向】【,】【前】【进】【着】【前】【进】【着】【就】【会】【看】【不】【到】【光】【亮】【,】【但】【阅】【读】【正】【像】【是】【一】【盏】【灯】【,】【点】【亮】【了】【我】【的】【世】【界】【,】【给】【予】【我】【无】【限】【大】【的】【帮】【助】【,】【让】【我】【可】【以】【放】【心】【大】【胆】【地】【走】【向】【未】【来】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【书】【照】【亮】【前】【方】【的】【路】【,】【伴】【我】【一】【路】【前】【进】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【点】【评】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【爱】【读】【书】【的】【人】【,】【必】【能】【成】【为】【知】【识】【丰】【富】【、】【情】【趣】【高】【雅】【、】【下】【笔】【能】【文】【的】【才】【子】【淑】【女】【。】【从】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【中】【,】【就】【可】【以】【印】【证】【这】【一】【点】【。】【作】【者】【选】【取】【两】【位】【作】【家】【及】【其】【作】【品】【,】【来】【叙】【写】【读】【书】【给】【自】【己】【的】【认】【识】【和】【情】【感】【上】【带】【来】【的】【震】【撼】【和】【益】【处】【,】【让】【人】【相】【信】【她】【之】【所】【云】【,】【并】【愿】【意】【一】【睹】【为】【快】【。】长城腾翼c50【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【段】【时】【间】【以】【来】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【不】【仅】【红】【遍】【网】【络】【,】【而】【且】【还】【频】【频】【出】【现】【在】【各】【大】【主】【流】【媒】【体】【上】【,】【成】【为】【观】【察】【当】【下】【社】【会】【动】【态】【、】【文】【化】【现】【象】【的】【一】【大】【热】【词】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【么】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【这】【个】【词】【为】【什】【么】【这】【么】【红】【呢】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【很】【有】【画】【面】【感】【,】【能】【给】【人】【丰】【富】【的】【想】【象】【。】【“】【纠】【”】【义】【为】【缠】【绕】【,】【“】【结】【”】【则】【代】【表】【着】【一】【种】【凝】【聚】【的】【趋】【势】【,】【二】【者】【组】【合】【给】【人】【一】【种】【物】【体】【相】【交】【纠】【缠】【、】【枝】【杈】【重】【叠】【的】【印】【象】【,】【把】【这】【个】【词】【的】【动】【作】【义】【非】【常】【鲜】【活】【形】【象】【地】【表】【达】【出】【来】【了】【。】【所】【以】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【常】【被】【用】【以】【指】【人】【的】【复】【杂】【处】【境】【或】【内】【心】【思】【绪】【的】【纷】【乱】【状】【态】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【事】【实】【上】【,】【在】【生】【活】【中】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【一】【词】【的】【使】【用】【更】【为】【广】【泛】【灵】【活】【。】【它】【可】【以】【当】【动】【词】【,】【“】【她】【说】【的】【话】【让】【我】【纠】【结】【”】【;】【也】【可】【以】【当】【形】【容】【词】【,】【如】【“】【这】【部】【电】【视】【剧】【情】【节】【看】【起】【来】【特】【纠】【结】【”】【;】【甚】【至】【可】【以】【当】【名】【词】【,】【如】【“】【竟】【不】【知】【心】【中】【的】【纠】【结】【如】【何】【排】【遣】【”】【。】【奇】【妙】【的】【是】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【在】【使】【用】【上】【虽】【然】【充】【满】【模】【糊】【性】【,】【但】【在】【表】【意】【上】【却】【恰】【恰】【可】【以】【满】【足】【使】【用】【者】【的】【需】【要】【,】【让】【人】【们】【难】【以】【言】【说】【的】【心】【情】【找】【到】【了】【一】【个】【恰】【如】【其】【分】【的】【表】【达】【。】【无】【论】【是】【形】【容】【事】【件】【的】【态】【势】【,】【还】【是】【表】【达】【自】【己】【的】【心】【情】【,】【甚】【至】【是】【描】【述】【一】【个】【人】【的】【性】【格】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【这】【个】【词】【都】【能】【恰】【到】【好】【处】【地】【满】【足】【人】【们】【的】【需】【求】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【般】【认】【为】【,】【纠】【结】【是】【新】【生】【代】【网】【民】【们】【制】【造】【的】【网】【络】【新】【词】【,】【来】【自】【日】【本】【的】【一】【部】【动】【画】【片】【,】【片】【中】【有】【个】【角】【色】【大】【呼】【“】【纠】【结】【啊】【!】【”】【之】【后】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【便】【在】【网】【络】【上】【走】【红】【。】【在】【这】【个】【高】【收】【视】【率】【的】【动】【画】【的】【影】【响】【之】【下】【,】【年】【轻】【的】【网】【民】【们】【开】【始】【了】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【的】【生】【活】【。】【事】【实】【上】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【这】【个】【词】【古】【代】【就】【有】【,】【如】【李】【白】【的】【《】【古】【意】【》】【一】【诗】【:】【“】【枝】【枝】【相】【纠】【结】【,】【叶】【叶】【竞】【飘】【扬】【。】【”】【今】【天】【纠】【结】【的】【爆】【红】【,】【实】【际】【是】【这】【一】【古】【老】【词】【语】【千】【年】【之】【后】【生】【命】【力】【的】【再】【次】【勃】【发】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【如】【今】【,】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【一】【词】【横】【空】【出】【世】【并】【大】【行】【其】【道】【,】【在】【一】【定】【程】【度】【上】【反】【映】【了】【处】【于】【社】【会】【转】【型】【期】【的】【人】【们】【内】【心】【中】【的】【焦】【虑】【和】【迷】【茫】【。】【“】【纠】【结】【”】【很】【能】【说】【明】【现】【代】【人】【的】【生】【存】【状】【态】【:】【处】【于】【纷】【繁】【的】【现】【代】【社】【会】【,】【面】【临】【着】【家】【庭】【、】【事】【业】【、】【人】【际】【关】【系】【等】【多】【重】【压】【力】【,】【周】【围】【需】【要】【照】【应】【的】【关】【系】【千】【重】【万】【重】【,】【需】【要】【处】【理】【的】【事】【情】【千】【头】【万】【绪】【,】【让】【人】【纠】【结】【的】【事】【情】【扎】【堆】【似】【的】【向】【人】【们】【砸】【过】【来】【。】【从】【社】【会】【心】【理】【学】【角】【度】【而】【言】【,】【流】【行】【语】【正】【是】【某】【种】【社】【会】【心】【理】【的】【体】【现】【。】【从】【郁】【闷】【、】【抓】【狂】【,】【再】【到】【纠】【结】【,】【人】【们】【口】【中】【用】【以】【表】【达】【心】【情】【的】【词】【语】【随】【着】【时】【间】【游】【走】【也】【在】【渐】【渐】【变】【化】【。】【回】【望】【社】【会】【前】【行】【的】【足】【迹】【,】【没】【有】【一】【个】【时】【代】【能】【像】【今】【天】【这】【样】【,】【物】【质】【生】【产】【如】【此】【丰】【富】【多】【样】【,】【社】【会】【文】【化】【如】【此】【丰】【富】【多】【元】【,】【信】【息】【技】【术】【发】【展】【如】【此】【迅】【猛】【。】【快】【节】【奏】【的】【生】【活】【带】【来】【了】【太】【多】【的】【压】【力】【,】【丰】【富】【的】【精】【神】【、】【物】【质】【文】【化】【带】【给】【人】【们】【太】【多】【的】【诱】【惑】【。】【面】【对】【诸】【多】【的】【选】【择】【与】【顾】【虑】【,】【面】【对】【两】【难】【甚】【至】【多】【难】【困】【境】【,】【人】【们】【在】【理】【性】【与】【感】【性】【、】【欲】【望】【与】【克】【制】【、】【道】【德】【坚】【守】【与】【缺】【失】【、】【梦】【想】【与】【现】【实】【之】【间】【挣】【扎】【,】【内】【心】【的】【郁】【结】【与】【困】【惑】【不】【可】【避】【免】【。】【于】【是】【,】【遇】【到】【烦】【恼】【,】【我】【们】【纠】【结】【;】【遇】【到】【挫】【折】【,】【我】【们】【纠】【结】【;】【遇】【到】【不】【满】【,】【我】【们】【纠】【结】【;】【遇】【到】【迷】【茫】【,】【我】【们】【纠】【结】【…】【…】【纠】【结】【成】【为】【一】【种】【具】【有】【普】【遍】【性】【的】【社】【会】【心】【理】【标】【签】【,】【爆】【红】【与】【流】【行】【也】【就】【在】【情】【理】【之】【中】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【素】【材】【运】【用】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【人】【生】【一】【世】【,】【困】【难】【挫】【折】【不】【可】【避】【免】【;】【生】【活】【百】【味】【杂】【陈】【,】【纠】【结】【在】【所】【难】【免】【。】【面】【对】【困】【难】【与】【挑】【战】【,】【多】【一】【份】【豁】【达】【与】【乐】【观】【,】【多】【一】【点】【智】【慧】【和】【勇】【气】【,】【以】【一】【种】【阳】【光】【心】【态】【积】【极】【应】【对】【才】【是】【上】【上】【之】【策】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【话】【题】【拓】【展】【:】【什】【么】【是】【纠】【结】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【责】【任】【编】【辑】【/】【王】【 】【册】【<】【b】【r】【>】

长城腾翼c50:造谣"联合国总部搬迁西安"

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【摘】【 】【要】【:】【近】【些】【年】【来】【,】【随】【着】【人】【们】【生】【活】【质】【量】【逐】【步】【提】【高】【和】【社】【会】【的】【不】【断】【进】【步】【,】【人】【们】【对】【教】【育】【事】【业】【的】【发】【展】【越】【来】【越】【关】【注】【。】【在】【信】【息】【网】【络】【技】【术】【飞】【速】【发】【展】【的】【今】【天】【,】【高】【质】【量】【的】【教】【育】【成】【为】【人】【们】【普】【遍】【的】【追】【求】【,】【也】【是】【时】【代】【发】【展】【的】【需】【要】【。】【如】【今】【,】【为】【进】【一】【步】【推】【动】【我】【国】【教】【育】【事】【业】【的】【进】【步】【和】【发】【展】【,】【我】【国】【的】【教】【育】【事】【业】【改】【革】【工】【作】【正】【在】【全】【方】【面】【贯】【彻】【落】【实】【。】【其】【中】【,】【高】【效】【课】【堂】【成】【为】【人】【们】【研】【究】【的】【重】【点】【。】【一】【般】【而】【言】【,】【只】【有】【拥】【有】【高】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【,】【才】【能】【提】【高】【教】【学】【质】【量】【,】【促】【进】【学】【生】【的】【发】【展】【。】【目】【前】【,】【在】【大】【多】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【,】【仍】【采】【用】【传】【统】【的】【教】【学】【模】【式】【,】【具】【有】【很】【多】【弊】【端】【,】【很】【难】【提】【高】【学】【生】【学】【习】【语】【文】【的】【积】【极】【性】【和】【主】【动】【性】【。】【笔】【者】【认】【为】【,】【采】【取】【灵】【活】【运】【用】【多】【种】【提】【问】【方】【式】【可】【以】【有】【效】【提】【高】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【效】【率】【,】【克】【服】【传】【统】【教】【学】【模】【式】【的】【不】【足】【和】【缺】【陷】【,】【从】【而】【提】【高】【学】【生】【学】【习】【语】【文】【的】【兴】【趣】【,】【促】【进】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【和】【发】【展】【。】【本】【文】【首】【先】【简】【要】【介】【绍】【了】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【中】【几】【种】【常】【见】【的】【提】【问】【方】【法】【,】【其】【次】【进】【一】【步】【详】【细】【分】【析】【了】【如】【何】【提】【问】【才】【能】【提】【高】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【。】【仅】【供】【参】【考】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【关】【键】【字】【:】【初】【中】【语】【文】【;】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【;】【有】【效】【性】【;】【多】【种】【提】【问】【方】【式】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【前】【言】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【随】【着】【我】【国】【教】【育】【事】【业】【改】【革】【正】【如】【火】【如】【荼】【的】【进】【行】【,】【如】【何】【有】【效】【提】【高】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【效】【率】【成】【为】【人】【们】【普】【遍】【关】【注】【的】【话】【题】【。】【目】【前】【,】【在】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【,】【传】【统】【的】【教】【学】【模】【式】【逐】【渐】【凸】【显】【出】【许】【多】【弊】【端】【,】【不】【仅】【影】【响】【着】【教】【学】【水】【平】【的】【提】【高】【,】【同】【食】【也】【不】【利】【于】【学】【生】【的】【发】【展】【。】【根】【据】【相】【关】【调】【查】【研】【究】【发】【现】【,】【通】【过】【灵】【活】【多】【样】【的】【提】【问】【方】【式】【可】【有】【效】【提】【高】【学】【生】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【学】【习】【积】【极】【性】【和】【主】【动】【性】【,】【,】【让】【学】【生】【主】【动】【参】【与】【到】【课】【堂】【学】【习】【中】【来】【,】【激】【发】【学】【生】【的】【创】【新】【思】【维】【方】【式】【,】【主】【动】【发】【现】【、】【主】【动】【探】【索】【知】【识】【,】【从】【而】【到】【达】【提】【高】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【目】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【中】【几】【种】【常】【见】【的】【提】【问】【方】【法】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【众】【所】【周】【知】【,】【在】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【,】【提】【问】【是】【一】【种】【重】【要】【的】【教】【学】【手】【段】【,】【它】【是】【学】【生】【和】【老】【师】【进】【行】【沟】【通】【的】【有】【效】【途】【径】【。】【目】【前】【,】【随】【着】【教】【育】【改】【革】【的】【不】【断】【深】【入】【,】【越】【来】【越】【多】【的】【初】【中】【语】【文】【老】【师】【认】【识】【到】【提】【问】【对】【于】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【重】【要】【性】【。】【值】【得】【注】【意】【的】【是】【,】【教】【师】【的】【提】【问】【方】【式】【和】【提】【问】【水】【平】【直】【接】【影】【响】【到】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【效】【果】【。】【因】【此】【,】【教】【师】【一】【定】【要】【注】【重】【提】【问】【方】【式】【方】【法】【,】【要】【根】【据】【不】【同】【的】【教】【学】【内】【容】【采】【取】【不】【同】【的】【提】【问】【方】【式】【,】【还】【要】【在】【考】【虑】【到】【学】【生】【自】【身】【的】【学】【习】【情】【况】【上】【进】【行】【提】【问】【,】【总】【之】【,】【要】【做】【到】【具】【体】【问】【题】【具】【体】【分】【析】【,】【灵】【活】【运】【用】【各】【种】【提】【问】【方】【式】【。】【下】【面】【笔】【者】【对】【几】【种】【主】【要】【的】【提】【问】【方】【式】【做】【具】【体】【介】【绍】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【1】【激】【将】【式】【提】【问】【。】【这】【是】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【一】【种】【最】【主】【要】【的】【提】【问】【方】【法】【,】【主】【要】【通】【过】【对】【一】【些】【中】【等】【难】【度】【的】【问】【题】【进】【行】【试】【探】【提】【问】【,】【激】【起】【好】【奇】【心】【强】【和】【好】【胜】【心】【强】【的】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【兴】【趣】【,】【进】【而】【进】【行】【探】【索】【思】【考】【,】【能】【够】【有】【效】【激】【发】【学】【生】【学】【习】【的】【兴】【趣】【。】【对】【于】【激】【将】【式】【的】【提】【问】【方】【式】【应】【科】【学】【运】【用】【于】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【,】【提】【高】【学】【生】【学】【习】【的】【能】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【2】【分】【解】【式】【提】【问】【。】【分】【解】【式】【提】【问】【是】【指】【将】【一】【个】【大】【问】【题】【分】【解】【为】【许】【多】【小】【问】【题】【来】【进】【行】【提】【问】【,】【教】【师】【在】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【不】【断】【引】【导】【,】【做】【到】【抛】【砖】【引】【玉】【,】【让】【学】【生】【积】【极】【思】【考】【,】【让】【学】【生】【感】【到】【回】【答】【问】【题】【的】【收】【获】【和】【学】【习】【语】【文】【的】【快】【乐】【。】【分】【解】【式】【提】【问】【一】【般】【主】【要】【运】【用】【于】【难】【度】【性】【较】【大】【的】【问】【题】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【3】【试】【错】【式】【提】【问】【。】【试】【错】【式】【提】【问】【也】【是】【一】【种】【重】【要】【的】【提】【问】【方】【式】【,】【教】【师】【主】【要】【通】【过】【对】【问】【题】【的】【正】【确】【答】【案】【进】【行】【否】【定】【,】【从】【而】【引】【发】【学】【生】【积】【极】【思】【考】【,】【说】【出】【自】【己】【的】【想】【法】【,】【不】【断】【探】【寻】【正】【确】【答】【案】【。】【这】【种】【提】【问】【方】【式】【有】【利】【于】【培】【养】【学】【生】【的】【辩】【证】【思】【维】【方】【式】【,】【敢】【于】【对】【教】【师】【的】【思】【想】【进】【行】【辩】【驳】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【如】【何】【提】【问】【才】【能】【提】【高】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【1】【紧】【扣】【目】【标】【,】【找】【准】【提】【问】【的】【切】【入】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【的】【真】【正】【目】【的】【是】【什】【么】【?】【它】【的】【本】【质】【是】【什】【么】【?】【实】【践】【者】【往】【往】【不】【多】【加】【思】【考】【。】【中】【小】【学】【课】【堂】【有】【效】【提】【问】【如】【此】【之】【低】【的】【一】【个】【重】【要】【原】【因】【就】【是】【,】【对】【提】【问】【的】【真】【正】【目】【的】【没】【有】【弄】【明】【白】【而】【跟】【着】【感】【觉】【走】【造】【成】【的】【。】【大】【概】【和】【夫】【说】【:】【提】【问】【“】【是】【以】【儿】【童】【的】【智】【力】【发】【展】【为】【目】【标】【的】【”】【“】【使】【儿】【童】【对】【教】【材】【展】【开】【主】【动】【、】【能】【动】【的】【思】【考】【”】【这】【就】【是】【提】【问】【的】【本】【质】【。】【每】【一】【种】【切】【入】【课】【文】【的】【方】【式】【都】【有】【它】【的】【优】【点】【和】【适】【应】【范】【围】【,】【但】【是】【有】【一】【个】【基】【本】【原】【则】【就】【是】【切】【题】【不】【能】【脱】【离】【教】【学】【目】【标】【,】【要】【紧】【扣】【目】【标】【,】【找】【到】【一】【个】【能】【纲】【举】【目】【张】【的】【问】【题】【,】【起】【到】【“】【一】【石】【激】【起】【千】【层】【浪】【”】【的】【效】【果】【,】【让】【整】【堂】【课】【都】【能】【围】【绕】【这】【个】【问】【题】【展】【开】【,】【尽】【量】【做】【到】【水】【到】【渠】【成】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【2】【凸】【显】【重】【难】【点】【,】【抓】【住】【提】【问】【的】【生】【成】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【是】【否】【促】【进】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【是】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【核】【心】【标】【准】【,】【当】【今】【的】【课】【堂】【应】【是】【自】【然】【的】【课】【堂】【,】【应】【是】【生】【成】【性】【课】【堂】【。】【这】【要】【求】【我】【们】【的】【教】【学】【是】【一】【种】【开】【放】【、】【互】【动】【、】【动】【态】【、】【多】【元】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【形】【式】【,】【强】【调】【教】【学】【的】【过】【程】【性】【。】【因】【此】【当】【前】【生】【成】【教】【学】【的】【主】【要】【问】【题】【在】【于】【实】【施】【的】【困】【难】【,】【如】【果】【教】【师】【还】【没】【有】【足】【够】【驾】【驭】【、】【把】【握】【这】【种】【教】【学】【的】【能】【力】【,】【就】【会】【让】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【偏】【离】【方】【向】【。】【在】【这】【种】【形】【式】【之】【下】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【引】【领】【提】【问】【就】【显】【得】【十】【分】【重】【要】【。】【如】【何】【在】【学】【生】【生】【成】【知】【识】【的】【过】【程】【中】【引】【导】【学】【生】【抓】【住】【重】【点】【、】【凸】【显】【难】【点】【,】【这】【给】【我】【们】【老】【师】【的】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【提】【出】【了】【一】【个】【较】【高】【的】【要】【求】【。】【古】【人】【云】【“】【学】【起】【于】【思】【,】【思】【起】【于】【疑】【”】【。】【教】【师】【在】【课】【文】【的】【重】【难】【点】【部】【分】【善】【于】【设】【疑】【,】【可】【使】【学】【生】【的】【思】【维】【空】【间】【得】【到】【拓】【宽】【,】【又】【能】【培】【养】【发】【散】【思】【维】【的】【能】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【3】【统】【领】【全】【文】【,】【把】【握】【提】【问】【的】【回】【归】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【《】【语】【文】【课】【程】【标】【准】【》】【指】【出】【:】【“】【语】【文】【是】【最】【重】【要】【的】【交】【际】【工】【具】【,】【是】【人】【类】【文】【化】【的】【重】【要】【组】【成】【部】【分】【。】【工】【具】【性】【与】【人】【文】【性】【的】【统】【一】【,】【是】【语】【文】【课】【程】【的】【基】【本】【特】【点】【。】【”】【“】【工】【具】【性】【”】【导】【向】【的】【语】【文】【教】【学】【不】【可】【避】【免】【采】【用】【工】【具】【的】【方】【法】【来】【教】【,】【语】【文】【教】【师】【也】【更】【多】【注】【重】【教】【学】【的】【“】【技】【术】【”】【。】【提】【问】【是】【一】【种】【技】【术】【,】【但】【更】【是】【一】【门】【艺】【术】【。】【学】【者】【吕】【叔】【湘】【说】【:】【“】【教】【师】【提】【问】【一】【定】【要】【做】【到】【能】【发】【能】【收】【,】【运】【用】【自】【如】【;】【学】【生】【发】【问】【离】【题】【,】【教】【师】【要】【能】【够】【因】【势】【利】【导】【,】【纳】【入】【正】【轨】【”】【。】【如】【果】【一】【堂】【课】【中】【学】【生】【的】【思】【维】【过】【散】【,】【教】【师】【又】【不】【加】【以】【适】【当】【的】【控】【制】【,】【那】【就】【根】【本】【谈】【不】【上】【有】【效】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【4】【延】【伸】【文】【本】【,】【体】【现】【提】【问】【的】【拓】【展】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【心】【理】【学】【告】【诉】【我】【们】【:】【学】【生】【感】【兴】【趣】【的】【刺】【激】【不】【是】【眼】【前】【已】【知】【的】【事】【物】【而】【是】【未】【知】【的】【,】【通】【过】【努】【力】【可】【以】【认】【知】【的】【事】【物】【。】【探】【究】【活】【动】【是】【需】【要】【某】【种】【障】【碍】【物】【的】【。】【人】【正】【是】【从】【不】【顺】【应】【的】【状】【态】【中】【产】【生】【意】【识】【从】【而】【创】【造】【出】【人】【类】【意】【识】【的】【产】【物】【—】【技】【术】【和】【科】【学】【,】【并】【不】【断】【改】【变】【世】【界】【的】【。】【因】【而】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【应】【在】【教】【材】【和】【学】【生】【许】【可】【的】【范】【围】【内】【达】【到】【最】【深】【处】【。】【这】【也】【是】【创】【造】【最】【近】【发】【展】【区】【的】【需】【要】【。】【经】【验】【水】【平】【的】【浅】【层】【问】【答】【是】【无】【济】【于】【事】【的】【。】【因】【而】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【应】【在】【教】【材】【和】【学】【生】【许】【可】【的】【范】【围】【内】【达】【到】【最】【深】【处】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【高】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【离】【不】【开】【高】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【,】【我】【们】【每】【一】【位】【教】【育】【工】【作】【者】【都】【要】【掌】【握】【提】【问】【的】【方】【法】【和】【策】【略】【,】【讲】【究】【提】【问】【的】【艺】【术】【,】【促】【进】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【和】【发】【展】【,】【同】【进】【达】【到】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【最】【优】【化】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【4】【.】【结】【束】【语】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【综】【上】【所】【述】【,】【为】【适】【应】【当】【前】【教】【育】【事】【业】【的】【改】【革】【发】【展】【要】【求】【,】【为】【跟】【上】【时】【代】【发】【展】【的】【步】【伐】【,】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【必】【须】【要】【改】【变】【传】【统】【教】【学】【模】【式】【,】【灵】【活】【运】【用】【多】【种】【提】【问】【方】【式】【来】【提】【高】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【教】【学】【质】【量】【,】【从】【而】【达】【到】【高】【效】【课】【堂】【的】【目】【的】【,】【同】【时】【也】【进】【一】【步】【促】【进】【学】【生】【更】【好】【地】【学】【习】【和】【健】【康】【成】【长】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【参】【考】【文】【献】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【1】【]】【《】【语】【文】【课】【程】【标】【准】【》】【.】【北】【京】【.】【北】【京】【师】【范】【大】【学】【出】【版】【社】【.】【2】【0】【0】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【2】【]】【冯】【文】【达】【.】【《】【谈】【谈】【农】【村】【中】【学】【语】【文】【阅】【读】【教】【学】【中】【的】【体】【验】【和】【感】【悟】【》】【[】【J】【]】【 】【.】【经】【济】【与】【社】【会】【发】【展】【.】【 】【2】【0】【0】【7】【(】【8】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【3】【]】【李】【志】【清】【.】【《】【阅】【读】【教】【学】【中】【的】【课】【堂】【活】【动】【设】【计】【策】【略】【》】【[】【J】【]】【.】【语】【文】【建】【设】【 】【.】【2】【0】【0】【7】【(】【7】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【4】【]】【温】【儒】【敏】【.】【《】【谈】【谈】【阅】【读】【兴】【趣】【的】【养】【成】【》】【[】【J】【]】【.】【课】【外】【语】【文】【(】【初】【中】【)】【.】【2】【0】【0】【4】【.】【(】【0】【7】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【5】【]】【秦】【昌】【利】【周】【永】【红】【.】【《】【运】【用】【线】【索】【牵】【动】【全】【文】【—】【—】【例】【谈】【阅】【读】【教】【学】【设】【计】【的】【几】【种】【手】【法】【[】【J】【]】【.】【新】【语】【文】【学】【习】【.】【2】【0】【0】【7】【(】【1】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【6】【]】【韩】【克】【勤】【.】【《】【在】【语】【文】【阅】【读】【教】【学】【中】【实】【施】【互】【动】【教】【学】【初】【探】【》】【.】【考】【试】【.】【2】【0】【0】【7】【(】【2】【)】长城腾翼c50【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【是】【一】【种】【常】【用】【的】【教】【学】【方】【法】【,】【也】【是】【一】【种】【有】【效】【的】【教】【学】【组】【织】【形】【式】【和】【教】【学】【手】【段】【。】【在】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【,】【教】【师】【高】【质】【量】【的】【提】【问】【,】【能】【够】【开】【启】【学】【生】【心】【智】【,】【促】【进】【学】【生】【思】【维】【,】【开】【发】【学】【生】【智】【能】【,】【激】【发】【学】【生】【学】【习】【兴】【趣】【。】【可】【见】【提】【问】【对】【于】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【重】【要】【性】【。】【所】【以】【要】【实】【现】【“】【有】【效】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【”】【必】【先】【从】【实】【现】【“】【有】【效】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【”】【开】【始】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【当】【前】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【低】【效】【无】【效】【的】【表】【现】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【1】【课】【堂】【上】【,】【部】【分】【教】【师】【由】【于】【教】【学】【理】【念】【陈】【旧】【,】【对】【所】【提】【问】【题】【缺】【乏】【深】【入】【分】【析】【、】【认】【真】【筛】【选】【,】【致】【使】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【的】【作】【用】【未】【能】【发】【挥】【,】【教】【学】【效】【果】【大】【打】【折】【扣】【。】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【 】【&】【n】【b】【s】【p】【;】【1】【.】【目】【的】【不】【明】【。】【表】【现】【为】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【随】【意】【性】【大】【,】【所】【提】【问】【题】【与】【教】【学】【目】【标】【关】【联】【不】【大】【,】【缺】【乏】【针】【对】【性】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【2】【质】【量】【不】【高】【。】【问】【题】【无】【启】【发】【性】【,】【记】【忆】【性】【问】【题】【多】【,】【推】【理】【性】【问】【题】【少】【,】【几】【乎】【无】【批】【判】【性】【问】【题】【,】【学】【生】【思】【维】【得】【不】【到】【应】【有】【训】【练】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【3】【评】【价】【不】【足】【。】【对】【学】【生】【的】【回】【答】【不】【置】【可】【否】【,】【听】【之】【任】【之】【;】【或】【评】【价】【含】【糊】【其】【辞】【,】【让】【学】【生】【如】【坠】【云】【雾】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【4】【对】【象】【集】【中】【。】【提】【问】【只】【针】【对】【成】【绩】【好】【的】【学】【生】【,】【回】【答】【也】【只】【叫】【少】【数】【学】【生】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【提】【高】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【有】【效】【性】【的】【策】【略】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【合】【理】【利】【用】【提】【问】【这】【一】【教】【学】【手】【段】【可】【以】【提】【高】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【性】【,】【我】【认】【为】【提】【问】【应】【做】【到】【明】【确】【具】【体】【、】【难】【易】【适】【度】【、】【适】【时】【引】【领】【、】【因】【人】【施】【问】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【1】【准】【备】【充】【分】【、】【指】【向】【明】【确】【。】【一】【是】【准】【备】【充】【分】【,】【无】【论】【是】【形】【式】【、】【内】【容】【、】【时】【间】【、】【人】【选】【,】【还】【是】【接】【收】【反】【馈】【信】【息】【、】【讲】【评】【,】【教】【师】【都】【要】【心】【中】【有】【数】【,】【认】【真】【考】【虑】【,】【精】【心】【策】【划】【。】【二】【是】【问】【题】【明】【确】【。】【要】【围】【绕】【教】【学】【目】【标】【提】【出】【问】【题】【,】【忌】【似】【是】【而】【非】【,】【不】【提】【与】【教】【学】【目】【标】【相】【去】【甚】【远】【、】【与】【完】【成】【学】【习】【任】【务】【无】【关】【的】【问】【题】【。】【三】【是】【问】【题】【具】【体】【。】【教】【师】【要】【准】【确】【表】【达】【问】【题】【,】【提】【问】【的】【语】【言】【力】【求】【做】【到】【准】【确】【、】【简】【洁】【。】【教】【学】【中】【唯】【有】【科】【学】【、】【恰】【当】【的】【问】【题】【才】【能】【调】【动】【学】【生】【思】【维】【,】【才】【能】【引】【领】【学】【生】【学】【习】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【2】【设】【问】【恰】【当】【、】【难】【易】【适】【度】【。】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【的】【目】【的】【是】【引】【发】【学】【生】【思】【考】【、】【让】【学】【生】【找】【到】【新】【旧】【知】【识】【间】【联】【系】【的】【桥】【梁】【。】【一】【是】【合】【理】【设】【置】【问】【题】【,】【教】【师】【要】【紧】【紧】【围】【绕】【教】【学】【目】【标】【设】【计】【一】【系】【列】【引】【发】【学】【生】【学】【习】【的】【问】【题】【,】【要】【在】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【关】【键】【处】【、】【矛】【盾】【处】【、】【对】【比】【处】【提】【问】【,】【抓】【住】【疑】【难】【点】【、】【兴】【趣】【点】【、】【模】【糊】【点】【提】【问】【。】【二】【是】【注】【重】【思】【维】【启】【迪】【,】【教】【师】【设】【置】【的】【问】【题】【要】【使】【学】【生】【能】【动】【脑】【思】【考】【、】【大】【胆】【想】【象】【;】【使】【学】【生】【产】【生】【 】【“】【欲】【罢】【不】【能】【,】【跃】【跃】【欲】【试】【”】【的】【积】【极】【心】【态】【;】【使】【学】【生】【在】【深】【入】【阅】【读】【、】【悉】【心】【思】【考】【、】【倾】【心】【交】【流】【的】【基】【础】【上】【才】【能】【正】【确】【作】【答】【。】【三】【是】【问】【题】【难】【易】【适】【度】【。】【问】【题】【过】【易】【,】【不】【能】【引】【发】【学】【生】【思】【考】【,】【易】【产】【生】【厌】【倦】【情】【绪】【;】【问】【题】【过】【难】【,】【学】【生】【无】【处】【下】【手】【,】【会】【挫】【伤】【学】【生】【学】【习】【信】【心】【。】【提】【出】【的】【问】【题】【应】【让】【学】【生】【运】【用】【已】【有】【经】【验】【(】【包】【括】【知】【识】【、】【能】【力】【基】【础】【、】【生】【活】【积】【累】【)】【,】【在】【阅】【读】【、】【分】【析】【、】【思】【考】【、】【交】【流】【的】【基】【础】【上】【能】【够】【解】【决】【。】【问】【题】【的】【难】【易】【程】【度】【应】【以】【多】【数】【学】【生】【经】【过】【思】【考】【后】【能】【正】【确】【答】【出】【为】【宜】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【3】【适】【时】【提】【问】【、】【注】【重】【引】【领】【。】【一】【是】【适】【时】【提】【出】【问】【题】【,】【“】【不】【愤】【不】【启】【,】【不】【悱】【不】【发】【”】【。】【提】【问】【的】【最】【佳】【时】【机】【,】【就】【是】【在】【学】【生】【的】【“】【愤】【”】【、】【“】【悱】【”】【之】【时】【,】【即】【在】【学】【生】【“】【心】【求】【通】【而】【未】【得】【,】【口】【欲】【言】【而】【不】【够】【”】【的】【时】【候】【。】【二】【是】【提】【问】【形】【式】【多】【样】【,】【要】【有】【设】【问】【、】【有】【自】【问】【、】【还】【应】【有】【反】【问】【。】【要】【变】【换】【提】【问】【方】【式】【,】【讲】【求】【提】【问】【技】【巧】【,】【可】【以】【采】【用】【疏】【导】【式】【提】【问】【,】【把】【一】【个】【复】【杂】【而】【困】【难】【的】【问】【题】【分】【解】【为】【一】【系】【列】【比】【较】【容】【易】【理】【解】【的】【问】【题】【,】【逐】【一】【引】【导】【学】【生】【作】【答】【;】【也】【可】【以】【采】【用】【迂】【回】【式】【提】【问】【,】【退】【中】【求】【进】【。】【三】【是】【注】【重】【评】【价】【引】【领】【。】【提】【出】【问】【题】【后】【,】【在】【学】【生】【阅】【读】【、】【思】【考】【、】【交】【流】【的】【基】【础】【上】【,】【教】【师】【对】【学】【生】【回】【答】【和】【反】【应】【要】【及】【时】【妥】【善】【处】【理】【。】【对】【学】【生】【的】【正】【确】【回】【答】【,】【要】【及】【时】【用】【语】【言】【或】【表】【情】【给】【与】【肯】【定】【;】【对】【见】【解】【独】【到】【的】【学】【生】【要】【及】【时】【表】【扬】【;】【对】【回】【答】【不】【够】【全】【面】【的】【学】【生】【要】【启】【发】【他】【全】【面】【思】【考】【问】【题】【;】【对】【回】【答】【错】【误】【的】【学】【生】【给】【多】【他】【们】【回】【答】【的】【机】【会】【。】【教】【师】【除】【了】【要】【对】【学】【生】【回】【答】【的】【内】【容】【做】【出】【评】【价】【之】【外】【,】【还】【应】【该】【对】【学】【生】【回】【答】【时】【的】【表】【达】【方】【式】【和】【态】【度】【也】【做】【出】【评】【价】【,】【在】【评】【价】【的】【同】【时】【要】【相】【机】【诱】【导】【、】【点】【拨】【、】【引】【领】【,】【以】【确】【保】【学】【生】【通】【过】【课】【堂】【学】【习】【,】【知】【识】【得】【到】【增】【长】【,】【能】【力】【得】【到】【提】【高】【,】【情】【感】【得】【到】【升】【华】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【4】【 】【面】【向】【全】【体】【、】【因】【人】【施】【问】【。】【“】【为】【了】【每】【一】【位】【学】【生】【的】【发】【展】【”】【是】【新】【课】【程】【的】【核】【心】【理】【念】【,】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【须】【面】【向】【全】【体】【。】【“】【因】【材】【施】【教】【”】【的】【教】【学】【原】【则】【要】【求】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【中】【应】【因】【人】【施】【问】【。】【首】【先】【教】【师】【要】【全】【面】【了】【解】【每】【个】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【情】【况】【,】【这】【是】【前】【提】【。】【其】【次】【对】【学】【习】【内】【容】【的】【设】【置】【应】【有】【梯】【度】【,】【可】【以】【为】【基】【础】【好】【的】【学】【生】【设】【计】【有】【一】【定】【难】【度】【的】【问】【题】【,】【激】【励】【他】【们】【不】【断】【钻】【研】【;】【为】【中】【等】【学】【生】【设】【计】【一】【些】【锻】【炼】【性】【问】【题】【,】【帮】【助】【他】【们】【掌】【握】【知】【识】【、】【培】【养】【良】【好】【的】【思】【维】【习】【惯】【;】【为】【基】【础】【差】【一】【点】【的】【学】【生】【设】【计】【简】【单】【一】【点】【的】【问】【题】【,】【想】【办】【法】【启】【发】【他】【们】【思】【考】【,】【尽】【量】【让】【这】【些】【学】【生】【通】【过】【努】【力】【,】【在】【学】【习】【中】【获】【得】【成】【功】【的】【体】【验】【,】【增】【强】【学】【习】【的】【信】【心】【。】【总】【之】【,】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【也】【要】【体】【现】【差】【异】【性】【教】【学】【,】【根】【据】【问】【题】【的】【难】【易】【程】【度】【和】【学】【生】【表】【现】【,】【选】【择】【不】【同】【层】【次】【的】【学】【生】【作】【答】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【“】【有】【效】【性】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【”】【的】【设】【计】【方】【法】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【,】【提】【高】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【有】【效】【性】【的】【方】【法】【很】【多】【。】【比】【如】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【1】【在】【关】【键】【地】【方】【设】【计】【提】【问】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【关】【键】【”】【有】【两】【层】【意】【思】【:】【一】【方】【面】【指】【突】【破】【课】【文】【思】【想】【内】【容】【的】【关】【键】【处】【;】【一】【方】【面】【指】【涉】【及】【语】【文】【知】【识】【的】【重】【点】【、】【难】【点】【的】【地】【方】【。】【教】【学】【中】【如】【能】【把】【握】【这】【些】【环】【节】【,】【设】【计】【出】【的】【问】【题】【能】【体】【现】【全】【局】【性】【,】【起】【到】【提】【纲】【挈】【领】【的】【作】【用】【,】【这】【样】【就】【可】【以】【培】【养】【学】【生】【的】【概】【括】【能】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【2】【在】【有】【思】【维】【价】【值】【的】【地】【方】【设】【计】【提】【问】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【语】【文】【教】【材】【的】【课】【文】【基】【本】【是】【优】【秀】【作】【品】【,】【这】【些】【经】【典】【作】【品】【中】【无】【论】【是】【标】【点】【用】【词】【,】【还】【是】【对】【人】【物】【的】【刻】【画】【或】【环】【境】【的】【描】【写】【,】【任】【何】【细】【微】【之】【处】【都】【可】【以】【体】【现】【作】【者】【的】【匠】【心】【。】【教】【师】【可】【以】【在】【这】【些】【容】【易】【被】【学】【生】【忽】【略】【而】【对】【表】【现】【主】【题】【思】【想】【有】【突】【破】【的】【细】【微】【处】【设】【计】【提】【问】【,】【即】【可】【启】【发】【学】【生】【思】【考】【,】【加】【深】【对】【文】【章】【的】【理】【解】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【3】【在】【矛】【盾】【之】【处】【设】【计】【提】【问】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【如】【果】【在】【课】【本】【中】【看】【似】【存】【在】【矛】【盾】【的】【地】【方】【设】【计】【提】【问】【,】【从】【而】【直】【接】【引】【进】【矛】【盾】【的】【对】【立】【面】【,】【这】【样】【会】【起】【到】【激】【疑】【效】【果】【,】【有】【助】【于】【引】【领】【学】【生】【思】【考】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【4】【在】【容】【易】【引】【起】【联】【想】【、】【想】【象】【处】【设】【计】【提】【问】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【者】【往】【往】【会】【在】【文】【中】【留】【下】【些】【空】【白】【,】【在】【教】【学】【中】【如】【引】【导】【学】【生】【对】【省】【略】【和】【空】【白】【进】【行】【想】【象】【,】【一】【定】【能】【锻】【炼】【他】【们】【的】【想】【象】【力】【和】【联】【想】【能】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【提】【高】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【的】【有】【效】【性】【”】【已】【成】【为】【新】【课】【程】【改】【革】【的】【殷】【切】【呼】【唤】【,】【我】【们】【一】【定】【要】【精】【心】【设】【计】【好】【各】【种】【类】【型】【的】【课】【堂】【提】【问】【,】【形】【成】【有】【自】【己】【特】【色】【,】【适】【合】【学】【生】【口】【味】【的】【提】【问】【艺】【术】【风】【格】【,】【以】【达】【到】【最】【佳】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【效】【果】【。】

长城腾翼c50:第二次世界大战爆发80周年

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【一】【只】【麋】【鹿】【感】【到】【十】【分】【痛】【苦】【,】【因】【为】【它】【的】【角】【似】【鹿】【但】【它】【又】【不】【是】【鹿】【,】【头】【似】【马】【但】【它】【又】【不】【是】【马】【,】【身】【似】【驴】【但】【它】【又】【不】【是】【驴】【,】【蹄】【似】【牛】【但】【它】【又】【不】【是】【牛】【,】【所】【以】【大】【家】【都】【叫】【它】【“】【四】【不】【像】【”】【,】【这】【只】【麋】【鹿】【在】【森】【林】【里】【处】【处】【遭】【到】【其】【它】【动】【物】【的】【嘲】【笑】【。】【它】【痛】【苦】【地】【想】【:】【“】【要】【是】【我】【完】【全】【长】【得】【像】【鹿】【,】【或】【者】【像】【马】【,】【或】【者】【像】【驴】【,】【或】【者】【像】【牛】【,】【那】【么】【这】【些】【动】【物】【都】【会】【把】【我】【看】【作】【同】【类】【的】【,】【为】【什】【么】【老】【天】【偏】【偏】【把】【我】【长】【成】【了】【这】【副】【模】【样】【啊】【?】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【它】【想】【到】【了】【死】【,】【它】【平】【静】【地】【等】【来】【了】【一】【只】【老】【虎】【。】【当】【老】【虎】【快】【接】【近】【它】【时】【,】【麋】【鹿】【看】【到】【了】【一】【个】【比】【它】【更】【不】【伦】【不】【类】【的】【动】【物】【—】【—】【一】【条】【龙】【,】【老】【虎】【看】【到】【从】【天】【而】【降】【的】【龙】【,】【吓】【跑】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【龙】【问】【麋】【鹿】【:】【“】【为】【什】【么】【遇】【到】【老】【虎】【,】【你】【不】【逃】【命】【呢】【?】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【麋】【鹿】【说】【:】【“】【因】【为】【我】【长】【得】【四】【不】【像】【,】【大】【家】【都】【嘲】【笑】【我】【,】【所】【以】【我】【想】【死】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【龙】【说】【:】【“】【我】【不】【是】【比】【你】【长】【得】【更】【四】【不】【像】【吗】【?】【我】【角】【像】【鹿】【,】【脸】【像】【马】【,】【身】【子】【像】【蛇】【,】【鳞】【片】【像】【鱼】【,】【脚】【像】【鹰】【,】【但】【其】【它】【动】【物】【没】【有】【谁】【瞧】【不】【起】【我】【啊】【,】【人】【类】【还】【把】【我】【当】【图】【腾】【来】【崇】【拜】【呢】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【麋】【鹿】【说】【:】【“】【那】【是】【因】【为】【你】【是】【龙】【啊】【!】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【龙】【说】【:】【“】【对】【啊】【,】【我】【是】【龙】【,】【我】【为】【什】【么】【一】【定】【要】【像】【别】【人】【呢】【?】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【麋】【鹿】【恍】【然】【大】【悟】【,】【从】【此】【不】【再】【自】【卑】【,】【而】【是】【开】【心】【地】【生】【活】【着】【,】【并】【在】【保】【护】【森】【林】【资】【源】【中】【发】【挥】【出】【自】【己】【的】【作】【用】【,】【成】【了】【动】【物】【们】【喜】【欢】【的】【好】【朋】【友】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【素】【材】【运】【用】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【你】【要】【学】【会】【做】【你】【自】【己】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【话】【题】【拓】【展】【:】【做】【自】【己】【<】【b】【r】【>】

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